It is generally believed that cricket originated as a children’s game in the south-eastern counties of England. In 1611, the year Cotgrave’s dictionary was published, ecclesiastical court records at Sidlesham in Sussex state that two parishioners, Bartholomew Wyatt and Richard Latter, failed to attend church on Easter Sunday because they were playing cricket. They were fined and ordered to do penance. This is the earliest mention of adult participation in cricket. Although the main object of the game has always been to score the most runs, the early form of cricket differed from the modern game in certain key technical aspects. The ball was bowled underarm by the bowler and all along the ground towards a batsman armed with a bat that, in shape, resembled a hockey stick; the batsman defended a low, two-stump wicket; and runs were called “notches” because the scorers recorded them by notching tally sticks. The game underwent major development in the 18th century to become England’s national sport. Bowling underwent an evolution around 1760 when bowlers began to pitch the ball instead of rolling or skimming it towards the batsman. This caused a revolution in bat design because, to deal with the bouncing ball, it was necessary to introduce the modern straight bat in place of the old “hockey stick” shape. Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the opening of Lord’s Old Ground in 1787. New Laws introduced in the latter part of the 18th century included the three stump wicket and leg before wicket (lbw). Meanwhile, the British Empire had been instrumental in spreading the game overseas and by the middle of the 19th century it had become well established in Australia, the Caribbean, India, New Zealand, North America and South Africa. In 1844, the first-ever international match took place between the United States and Canada. Cricket entered a new era in 1963 when English counties introduced the limited overs variant. The first Limited Overs International was played in 1971 and the governing International Cricket Council (ICC), seeing its potential, staged the first limited overs Cricket World Cup in 1975. In 1876–77, an England team took part in what was retrospectively recognised as the first-ever Test match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground against Australia. The rivalry between England and Australia gave birth to The Ashes in 1882 and this has remained Test cricket’s most famous contest. Perhaps the most famous match in English history was the third Test against Australia at Headingley in 1981. England were made to follow on and, with wickets falling fast in their second innings, But a gung-ho second-innings 149 from Ian Botham, turned the match on its head and earned england an 18-run victory. It was the first time in 104 years of Test history that a side had won a match after following on. The top batsman in history is India’s Sachin Tendulkar, who retired in 2013 after scoring 15,921 runs in 200 Tests and 18,426 in 463 one-day internationals. He is the only player to have made 100 international centuries, was the first batsman to score a double century in a one-day International and is the only player to amass more than 30,000 international runs. The fastest ball bowled was 161.3 km/h (100.23mph) by Shoaib Akhtar for Pakistan against England in a 2003 World Cup match in South Africa. The longest Test innings by a batsman was 970 minutes more than 16 hours – by Hanif Mohammad, when scoring 337 for Pakistan against the West Indies in 1958. Mohammad claimed he actually batted for 999 minutes. The highest individual Test score is West Indies batsman Brian Lara’s 400 not out against England in Antigua in 2004. Lara also made the highest first-class score of 501 not out for Warwickshire against Durham at Edgbaston in 1994. India is the only country to win the 60-Over, 50-Over and 20-Over World Cup. and south africa couldn’t win a single world cup instead of having good icc ranking Sri Lanka won the first semi-final over India at Eden Gardens, Chasing Sri Lanka’s innings of 251 for 8, India had slumped to 120 for 8 in the 35th over when sections of crowd began to throw fruit and plastic bottles onto the field. The players left the field for 20 minutes in an attempt to quieten the crowd. When the players returned for play, more bottles were thrown onto the field and fires were lit in the stand. Match referee Clive Lloyd awarded the match to Sri Lanka, the first default ever in a Test or One Day International. The bat generally recognised as the oldest bat still in existence is dated 1729 and is on display in the Sandham Room at The Oval in London. Sir Donald George Bradman, often referred to as “The Don”, was an Australian cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time. Bradman’s career Test batting average of 99.94 is often cited as the greatest achievement by any sportsman in any major sport.
Sir Don Bradman has just hit 6 sixes in his entire career. Sir Don Bradman has just hit 6 sixes in his entire career. shortest test match of cricket history is 5 hr 53 minutes this match played between australia and south africa in 1932 melbourne. south africa made 36 runs in first inning and in response australia made 153 runs in first inning same day south africa came for play third inning and all out on 45 tuns and this match was won by australia by inning and 72 runs. south african player av de villiers is only a batsman who made fastest fifth in 16 balls and fastest century in 32 balls and fastest 150 runs in only 64 balls in one day international.