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The National for Monday, Dec. 2 — Vaping investigation, premiers show united front

The National for Monday, Dec. 2 — Vaping investigation, premiers show united front


(*)>>Adrienne: TONIGHT, THE DANGERS OF VAPING.>>Andrew: WHY DID CANADA IGNORE THE WARNINGS? AND WHAT’S INSIDE THOSE PRODUCTS ANYWAY? WAIT UNTIL YOU SEE OUR LAB TESTS.>>WE TESTED SOME FLAVOURS THAT SHOWED HIGH TOXICITY.>>Andrew: CBC NEWS INVESTIGATES.>>Adrienne: THE PREMIERS PRESENT THE PRIME MINISTER A UNITED FRONT FOR NOW.>>THIS IS A STORY OF BEING TRAFFICKED. THIS IS A STORY OF ABUSE.>>Andrew: A BLOCKBUSTER INTERVIEW. PRINCE ANDREW’S ACCUSER TELLS HER STORY.>>Adrienne: AND WITH HUMAN TRAFFICKING ON THE RISE, WE’RE THERE FOR AN EARLY MORNING TALK. HOW DANGEROUS COULD IT BE?>>VERY DANGEROUS.>>Adrienne: JUST HOW MUCH OF A DIFFERENCE CAN IT REALLY MAKE?>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*) (*)>>Andrew: WHEN VAPING DEVICES LIKE e-CIGARETTES FIRST APPEARED THERE WAS A LOT OF TALK ABOUT HOW THEY COULD BE USED AS TOOLS TO HELP TO STOP A DEADLY HABIT.>>Adrienne: BUT JUST A DECADE LATER WE ARE SEEING THAT THEY POSE SIGNIFICANT PROBLEMS OF THEIR OWN.>>Andrew: 50 YEARS AGO ABOUT HALF OF CANADIANS SMOKED, AND NOW JUST 15% DO. VAPING, IT WAS THOUGHT, COULD GET THOSE LAST HOLDOUTS OFF CIGARETTES, BUT WHAT WAS MISSING — SOLID EVIDENCE ON THE POTENTIAL HARM. SO TONIGHT ON “THE NATIONAL” WE LAUNCH OUR SPECIAL SERIES ON THIS NEW HABIT AND ITS CONNECTION TO BIG TOBACCO. NOW VAPING DEVICES ARE OFTEN NICOTINE DELIVERY VEHICLES VEHICLES. BUT WHILE TOBACCO PRODUCTS MUST LIST OTHER CHEMICALS INSIDE, VAPING PRODUCTS DO NOT. SO WHAT ARE CANADIANS BREATHING IN? CHRISTINE BIRAK TOOK A LOOK.>>Reporter: TO FIND OUT WHAT’S IN e-CIGARETTE OR VAPE FLUID, WE HIT SHOPS AROUND TORONTO, BUYING VARIOUS PODS AND BOTTLES AND CARTRIDGES OF VAPING LIQUID. THE NEXT STEP IS TO GET ALL OF THESE TESTED. HEALTH CANADA DOESN’T REQUIRE COMPANIES TO PUT INGREDIENT LABELS ON VINE PRODUCTS. THE AGENCY WARNS THAT VAPING MAY CONTAIN DOZENS OF CHEMICALS AND LISTS JUST FOUR. THE HIGHLY ADDICTIVE DRUG NICOTINE AND ALONG WITH PROPYLENE GLYCOL AND GLYCEROL AND FLAVOURS. A LAB AT THE ROSWELL LAB IN NEW YORK TESTED THE VAPE PRODUCTS THAT WE PURCHASED. TECHNICIANS ANALYSED EIGHT BRAND-NAME PRODUCTS.>>SO THESE ARE THE NICOTINE CONCENTRATION.>>Reporter: SOME NEARLY HIT THE MAXIMUM NICOTINE LEVEL ALLOWED. BUT THEY DID MATCH AS ADVERTISED. AND AS FOR THE FLAVOURS –>>WE TESTED SOME FLAVOURS AND THAT THEY SHOW HIGH TOXICITY.>>Reporter: RESULTS SHOWED NUMEROUS CHEMICALS USING CHEMICALS THAT CAN CAUSE BREATHING PROBLEMS. EVEN MORE CONCERNING, SYNTHETIC POLYGON THAT SIMULATES MINT AND MENTHOL.>>THIS IS BANNED IN FOOD PRODUCTS IN THE U.S.>>Reporter: IT WAS FOUND TO CAUSE CANCER IN LAB ANIMALS. HEALTH CANADA SAYS THAT IT’S PLANNING TO MEASURE THE CONCENTRATION AND THE HEALTH EFFECTS IN VAPING LIQUIDS. WE ASKED THIS LUNG RESEARCHER WHAT HE KNOWS ABOUT THE SAFETY OF VAPE CHEMICALS.>>NEXT TO NOTHING, RIGHT. AND THIS IS THE MAIN PROBLEM.>>Reporter: HE ADDS THAT THERE’S THOUSANDS OF FLAVOURING CHEMICALS AND SOME ARE SAFE TO PUT IN YOUR STOMACH BUT MOST HAVE NEVER BEEN TESTED IN OTHER PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY.>>IT CAN AFFECT THE IMMUNE SYSTEM AND MUCUS CLEARANCE AND IT CAN KILL CELLS IN THE LUNGS. SO FOR ALL OF THOSE FLAVOURS WE REALLY DON’T KNOW.>>Reporter: THE CANADIAN VAPING ASSOCIATION ADMITS THAT THEIR PRODUCTS ARE NOT SAFE FOR NON-SMOKERS.>>IT’S NOT BENIGN, NO ONE SUGGESTS THAT IT WAS BENIGN. WHAT IT IS IS A LOT LESS HARMFUL THAN THE 7,000 CHEMICALS THAT YOU INHALE AS YOU SMOKE.>>Reporter: BUT FOR THOSE WHO NEVER SMOKED, VAPING IS A HARMFUL NEW ADDICTION. CHRISTINE BIRAK, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Andrew: WHILE SCIENTISTS SCRAMBLE TO FIND OUT HOW VAPING AFFECTS OUR HEALTH, MORE AND MORE YOUNG PEOPLE ARE DOING IT. STILL AHEAD IN OUR SPECIAL SERIES, “VAPE FAIL,” MORE ON MARKETING A POTENTIALLY RISKY HABIT TO A VULNERABLE DEMOGRAPHIC.>>AND PEOPLE THOUGHT THAT IT WAS REALLY COOL. AND PEOPLE WERE SAYING OH, IT’S JUST WATER. AND THAT MADE YOU THINK THAT VAPING WAS OKAY.>>THIS IS A NIGHTMARE FOR EVERYBODY. WE’RE NOT PROTECTING KIDS AND WE’RE NOT ACTUALLY DOING A GOOD JOB OF GETTING PRODUCTS IN THE HANDS OF PEOPLE WHO COULD BENEFIT.>>Andrew: WE’LL TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT HOW A POLICY GREY ZONE HAS GIVEN BIG TOBACCO A BIG LEG UP. THAT’S COMING UP.>>Adrienne: THIS NOW INFAMOUS IMAGE OF PRINCE ANDREW AND A>>Adrienne: THIS NOW INFAMOUS IMAGE OF PRINCE ANDREW AND A TEENAGED GIRL IS A SUBJECT OF YET ANOTHER PRIMETIME INTERVIEW. TONIGHT HER SIDE OF THE STORY. VIRGINIA GIUFFRE RECALLS AN ENCOUNTER THAT THE PRINCE SAYS THAT NEVER HAPPENED. AS RENÉE FILIPPONE TELLS US, SHE’S ASKING THE BRITISH PUBLIC TO STAND BESIDE HER.>>BUT I KNEW THAT I HAD TO KEEP HIM HAPPY BECAUSE THAT’S WHAT JEFFREY WOULD HAVE EXPECTED FROM ME.>>Reporter: DURING THE BBC PANORAMA INTERVIEW, VIRGINIA GIUFFRE TALKS ABOUT THE NIGHT THIS PHOTO WAS TAKEN. SHE WAS 17, AND SAYS THAT SHE WAS FLOWN TO LONDON BY JEFFREY EPSTEIN AND HIS GIRLFRIEND, AND THEN FORCED TO HAVE SEX WITH THE PRINCE.>>THIS IS NOT SOME SORTED SEX STORY. THIS IS A STORY OF BEING TRAFFICKED. THIS IS A STORY OF ABUSE. AND THIS IS A STORY OF YOUR GUYS’ ROYALTY.>>I HAVE ABSOLUTELY NO MEMORY.>>Reporter: THE INTERVIEW WAS DONE BEFORE ANDREW’S DISASTROUS ONE-ON-ONE.>>I DON’T REMEMBER MEETING HER AT ALL.>>Reporter: IN IT HE WAS ASKED ABOUT GIUFFRE AND HER ACCUSATIONS. HE DENIED THEM ALL. THE ONGOING SCANDAL HAS UNVEILED A POTENTIAL TURNING POINT FOR THE ROYAL FAMILY. PRINCE CHARLES IS REPORTEDLY STEPPING UP HIS ROLE IN AN ATTEMPT TO GET A HANDLE ON IT.>>THIS IS A TIME WHEN SHE’S GOING TO LEAN ON THE PEOPLE THAT SHE CALLS HER SUBSTITUTE…>>Reporter: THIS ROYAL WATCHER SAYS THAT RUMOURS ARE SWIRLING. THE QUEEN FOLLOWING THE SCANDAL MAY BE LOOKING TO HAND OVER THE REINS. THE PALACE IS DENYING THAT.>>WHEN SHE’S READY TO STEP BACK, SCALE DOWN, AND HAND OVER TO CHARLES, I THINK SHE’LL BE THE ONE TO MAKE THAT DECISION.>>Reporter: OUTSIDE BUCKINGHAM PALACE, OPINION IS MIXED ON HOW THE ROYAL FAMILY HAS DEALT WITH THIS.>>THEY’RE NOT DEALING WITH IT. YOU KNOW, HAVE I CHANGED MY VIEWS? YES. THEY’RE DONE IN MY BOOKS.>>WE HAVE TO WAIT. WE CANNOT DRAW ANY CONCLUSIONS BEFORE WE HAVE ALL FACTS.>>Reporter: A LAWYER FOR FIVE OF EPSTEIN’S VICTIMS HAVE PREPARED SUBPOENAS THAT COULD FORCE PRINCE ANDREW TO TESTIFY AS A WITNESS. THEY CLAIM THAT HE SAW WOMEN AND GIRLS GIVE MASSAGES AT EPSTEIN’S HOME. BUT THE PRINCE HAS MAINTAINED THAT HE NEVER SAW ANYTHING SUSPICIOUS. RENÉE FILIPPONE, CBC NEWS, LONDON.>>Adrienne: PRIME MINISTER JUSTIN TRUDEAU WILL VISIT BUCKINGHAM PALACE TOMORROW AND WILL MEET WITH PRINCE CHARLES TOO. TRUDEAU IS IN LONDON TONIGHT AHEAD OF A TWO-DAY NATO SUMMIT. AND TOMORROW HE ALSO HAS A BILATERAL MEETING WITH DONALD TRUMP. THE U.S. IS PRESSURING CANADA TO SPEND MORE ON DEFENCE AND TO ALSO KEEP CHINA’S TELECOM GIANT HUAWEI AWAY FROM THE WEST’S HIGH-TECH SECURITY GRID. SO TRUDEAU IS GRAPPLING WITH IT SEEMS, ROSIE, DEMANDS FROM ABROAD AND ALSO CLEARLY HERE ON THE HOME FRONT?>>Rosemary: THAT’S RIGHT, ADRIENNE, BECAUSE CANADA’S PREMIERS HAD A FEW THINGS TO SAY AFTER A MEETING BEHIND CLOSED DOORS. WE HAVE HEARD IN RECENT WEEKS THE TALK OF REGIONAL DIVISIONS WIDENING IN THE COUNTRY. BUT TODAY ALL OF THE PROVINCIAL AND TERRITORIAL LEADERS PRESENTED A UNITED FRONT. HERE’S DAVID COCHRANE TO TELL US WHAT THEY’RE AFTER AND HOW THAT MIGHT LINE UP WITH TRUDEAU’S OWN AGENDA.>>Reporter: THIS WAS INTENDED AS AN ACT OF FRIENDSHIP.>>[indiscernible]>>Reporter: WHILE THEY’RE ALL PREMIERS, THEY’RE NOT ALWAYS ON THE SAME PAGE.>>WE HAVE WON, THE MAPLE LEAFS.>>Reporter: WITH THAT EXCEPTION THERE WAS A LOT OF COMMON GROUND. THE PREMIERS AGREEING TO A SHORT LIST OF ISSUES TO FORCE THE PRIME MINISTER TO WORK ON THEIR TERMS.>>THIS WAS A TREMENDOUS MOMENT OF SOLIDARITY.>>Reporter: THEY BACKED ALBERTA’S KEY DEMAND FOR CHANGES TO THE LITTLE KNOWN AND LITTLE USED FISCAL STABILIZATION PROGRAMME. A PROGRAMME DESIGNED TO HELP PROVINCES DEAL WITH ECONOMIC SLUMPS.>>I HAVE BEEN TRYING TO CONVEY TO ALBERTANS THAT WE ARE NOT ALONE. WE’RE ISOLATED IN THE FEDERATION. THAT THERE ARE PROVINCIAL AND TERRITORIAL GOVERNMENTS WHO GET WHAT WE’RE GOING THROUGH.>>Reporter: THE TRICK NOW IS TO GET OTTAWA ONSIDE AS THIS DEMAND ALONE COULD BE WORTH BILLIONS OF DOLLARS. AS WITH THE CALL FOR A BOOST TO HEALTH CARE TRANSFERS AND MORE FLEXIBILITY IN THE WAY THAT FEDERAL TRANSFERS ARE DELIVERED, ESPECIALLY WHEN IT COMES TO INFRASTRUCTURE.>>THE PROVINCES HAVE SHOWN THAT WE CAN UNITE AND WORK TOGETHER TO COME TO CONSENSUS, IF YOU WILL, ON THESE CRITICAL ISSUES. AND I RESPECTFULLY WOULD ASK THAT OUR PRIME MINISTER AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT NOW WORK WITH THE LEADERS AT THIS TABLE.>>Reporter: WHAT’S MISSING HERE IS A UNIFIED POSITION ON PHARMACARE. A TOP PRIORITY FOR JUSTIN TRUDEAU. A MIXED PRIORITY FOR THE PREMIERS.>>ANYTIME THAT WE GET AN OPPORTUNITY TO EXPAND PHARMACARE INTO PLACES LIKE NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR, THESE ARE THE DISCUSSIONS THAT I WANT TO HAVE.>>DON’T START WITH ANOTHER PROGRAMME. GET THAT RIGHT. START BY GETTING THAT RIGHT.>>IN QUÉBEC WE ALREADY HAVE A PHARMACARE PROGRAMME, SO THAT’S WHY I WAS HAPPY THAT WE ALL AGREED TO HAVE AN OPT OUT CLAUSE TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.>>Reporter: THE CONSENSUS ON THEIR PRIORITIES BUT NOT FOR OTTAWA. THE PREMIERS SIT DOWN WITH THE PRIME MINISTER IN THE EARLY NEW YEAR. DAVID COCHRANE, CBC NEWS, MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO.>>Rosemary: AND IT’S A WAY FOR THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO HELP OIL-PRODUCING PROVINCES THROUGH TOUGH TIMES, FOR INSTANCE, BUT JASON KENNEY IS ALSO DEMANDING A FAIRER DEAL FOR ALBERTA UNDER FEDERAL EQUALIZATION. THAT’S A PROGRAMME THAT IS BETTER KNOWN BUT NOT SO EASILY UNDERSTOOD. HERE’S PETER ARMSTRONG WITH THE PRIMER.>>Reporter: CALCULATING WHO GETS WHAT IS COMPLEX. ONE REPORT CALLED IT THE BLACK BOX OF EQUALIZATION ARITHMETIC. FIRST THINGS FIRST — THIS IS A FEDERAL PROGRAMME. OTTAWA COLLECTS TAX REVENUES FROM ACROSS THE COUNTRY AND USES THAT FOR ANY NUMBER OF THINGS, INCLUDING TRANSFERS TO THE PROVINCES. WE OFTEN TALK ABOUT EQUALIZATION, BUT THAT IS JUST ONE OF THREE PROGRAMMES SENDING FEDERAL MONEY TO THE PROVINCES. CANADA HEALTH TRANSFERS, CANADA SOCIAL TRANSFERS AND EQUALIZATION. AT THE HEART OF EQUALIZATION IS WHAT’S KNOWN AS FISCAL CAPACITY. THAT’S THE REVENUE EACH PROVINCE COULD RAISE IF THEY ALL USED A STANDARD TAX RATE. PROVINCES WITH STRONGER ECONOMIES RAISE MORE REVENUE THAN PROVINCES WITH LOWER INCOMES. THE FEDS USE EQUALIZATION TO BRING THOSE WITH A WEAKER FISCAL CAPACITY UP TO A NATIONAL STANDARD. (*) THE FORMULA ACTUALLY STARTED QUITE SIMPLY. EQUALIZATION EQUALS THE NATIONAL STANDARD, MINUS EACH PROVINCE’S FISCAL CAPACITY. IT’S GROWN MORE COMPLEX OVER THE YEARS. NOW IT LOOKS MORE LIKE THIS. IT’S EYE GLAZING FOR SURE, BUT THE MAIN POINT REMAINS THE SAME — TO USE FEDERAL FUNDS TO TOP UP PROVINCES BELOW THE NATIONAL AVERAGE. (*) CRITICS SAY THAT THE HAVE PROVINCES LIKE ALBERTA SEND MONEY TO THE HAVE-NOT PROVINCES LIKE QUÉBEC, TO SUBSIDIZE PROGRAMMES LIKE CHEAP DAYCARE. IT’S CLEAR, IT’S SIMPLE, AND IT’S WRONG. ALBERTA DOESN’T SEND MONEY TO ANY PROVINCE. OTTAWA COLLECTS FEDERAL TAXES AT AN EQUAL RATE ACROSS THE COUNTRY. IT’S NOT SO MUCH THAT ALBERTA PAYS MORE — HIGH-INCOME INDIVIDUALS DO, AND A LOT OF THEM HAPPEN TO LIVE IN ALBERTA.>>Rosemary: OKAY, SO ALL PROVINCES GET SOME FEDERAL MONEY. HOW MUCH ARE WE ACTUALLY TALKING ABOUT HERE, PETER?>>Reporter: WELL, AS YOU WELL KNOW, ROSIE, IT CHANGES EVERY YEAR. SO LET’S GET A LOOK AT THE CURRENT FORMULA FOR THIS FISCAL YEAR. EVERY PROVINCE, INCLUDING ALBERTA AND SASKATCHEWAN, GET AT LEAST $1,400 PER PERSON. THIS YEAR ONTARIO DID NOT QUALIFY FOR EQUALIZATION, SO IT RECEIVED THAT BASIC AMOUNT. AS YOU CAN SEE THE REMAINING PROVINCES ARE THE ONES THAT RECEIVE THE MOST. THAT MAKES A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF SENSE. I MEAN, THOSE PROVINCES HAVE MORE ELDERLY CANADIANS, FOR EXAMPLE, WHOSE NEEDS MAKE THEM ELIGIBLE, FRANKLY, FOR MORE FUNDING.>>Rosemary: OKAY, THAT GRAPHIC HELPED ME A LOT AND HOPEFULLY IT WILL HELP EVERYONE ELSE TOO. THANK YOU, PETER.>>Reporter: YOU BET.>>Rosemary: WE’LL GET A BETTER SENSE OF THE LIBERAL GOVERNMENT’S PLANS LATER THIS WEEK. ON THURSDAY, THE GOVERNOR-GENERAL WILL READ THE SPEECH FROM THE THRONE. IT WILL OPEN UP A NEW SESSION OF PARLIAMENT AND LAY OUT THE MINORITY GOVERNMENT’S PRIORITIES. EXPECT, OF COURSE, MENTIONS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND PHARMACARE AND RECONCILIATION. BUT IT MAY ALSO SET THE TONE FOR HOW PARLIAMENT MIGHT WORK AND IT MAY EVEN CONTAIN OLIVE BRANCHES TO OPPOSITION WHOSE SUPPORT WILL BE NEEDED. YOU CAN WATCH THE SPEECH FROM THE THRONE THIS THURSDAY AT 2:00 p.m. EASTERN ON CBC TELEVISION, ON CBC N.N., ONLINE AND GEM. I’LL BE THERE TOO.>>>A MAJOR CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE IS UNDERWAY IN MADRID, DRAWING DELEGATES AND THE SHORTHAND NAME IS COP 25. CLIMATE ACTIVISTS CALL IT A LAST-CHANCE EFFORT TO GET POLICY RIGHT. SALIMAH SHIVJI LOOKS AT ONE MAJOR PIECE OF UNFINISHED BUSINESS AND HOW IT FITS WITH CANADIAN POLITICS.>>Reporter: A TOP GOAL AT THIS YEAR’S COP, TO GET POLITICAL AGREEMENT ON THE CONTENTIOUS ISSUE OF CARBON CREDIT. AND HOW LOW-EMISSION COUNTRIES COULD TRADE THEIR UNUSED GREENHOUSE GAS TO HIGH-EMISSION COUNTRIES.>>WE WILL BE WORKING TO SEE IF WE CAN COME TO SOME CONSENSUS ON THAT. BUT AT THE END OF THE DAY CANADA NEEDS TO DO ITS PART TO ADDRESS ITS OWN DOMESTIC EMISSIONS.>>Reporter: THAT CONCEPT OF TRADING CARBON CREDITS HAS CHAMPIONS HERE.>>ARTICLE 6…>>Reporter: AND THEY’VE BEEN GETTING LOUDER. ALBERTA’S JASON KENNEY TALKS UP ARTICLE SIX AS THE BIGGEST ACTION THAT CANADA CAN TAKE TO FIGHT CLIMATE. HE THINKS THAT THE COUNTRY CAN GET CREDITS FOR EXPORTING LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS BECAUSE IT’S A CLEANER OPTION THAN COAL. AND HE HAS ALLIES.>>THROUGH ARTICLE 6 OF THE PARIS ACCORD, WE HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO MAKE AN IMPACT FAR BEYOND THE BORDERS OF THIS NATION.>>THE GLOBAL GAME-CHANGER ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS THAT CANADA CAN PLAY IN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE IS SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASING OUR L.N.G. EXPORTS. I THINK THAT WE’RE PRETTY MUCH UNITED ON THAT.>>Reporter: BUT SOME EXPERTS SAY THAT THE PREMIERS ARE MISSING THE POINT.>>IT’S NOT ABOUT HELPING US TO EXPORT OUR FOSSIL FUELS FOR PROFIT. BUT INTERNATIONAL CLIMATE NEGOTIATIONS DO NOT REVOLVE AROUND CANADIAN POLITICS, AND, UNFORTUNATELY, I THINK THAT THIS KIND OF RHETORIC REALLY MUDDIES THE WATERS.>>Reporter: OTTAWA MAY BE IN AGREEMENT WITH THE PREMIERS AND HOPING TO TRADE CREDITS ONE DAY, BUT EVEN THEN CANADA WOULD HAVE TO FIND COUNTRIES ONE BY ONE WHO WOULD WANT TO BUY THE CLEANER GAS, AND THEN SHARE THE CREDITS THEY EARN FOR REDUCING EMISSIONS. FOR NOW THERE’S SOME CONSENSUS HERE, NOT SO MUCH AT THIS TABLE. SALIMAH SHIVJI, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Rosemary: IT’S SHAPING UP TO BE A BUSY WEEK HERE IN OTTAWA. BUT FOR NOW BACK TO ANDREW AND ADRIENNE BACK IN TORONTO.>>Andrew: WE DO HAVE AN UPDATE TO A STORY THAT WE BROUGHT YOU LAST NIGHT. THE PERSON KILLED IN A HIGHWAY PILEUP IN ONTARIO IS IDENTIFIED AS 33-YEAR-OLD MATTHEW JAMIESON OF NOVA SCOTIA.>>ARE CHARGES APPLICABLE? WE DON’T KNOW YET. SO THAT’S STILL UNDER INVESTIGATION.>>Andrew: POLICE SAY THAT AT LEAST 30 TO 40 VEHICLES WERE INVOLVED IN THE CRASH. IT HAPPENED YESTERDAY AFTERNOON AND IT SHUT DOWN A PORTION OF HIGHWAY 401 NEAR KINGSTON FOR ABOUT 14 HOURS. THERE’S NO WORD YET ON THE CAUSE BUT THE AREA WAS UNDER A TRAVEL ADVISORY DUE TO HEAVY SNOWFALL. NOW IN TORONTO THIS MORNING WEATHER WAS ONLY PARTLY TO BLAME FOR COMMUTER CHAOS. THE OTHER CULPRIT? A FIRE ON A SUBWAY TRACK AT THE HEIGHT OF RUSH HOUR. THOUSANDS SCRAMBLED TO GET TO WORK AND SCHOOL. AND AS ALI CHIASSON EXPLAINS, OFFICIALS ARE POINTING TO AN AGING INFRASTRUCTURE.>>THIS IS WHAT THE UNDERNEATH OF THE SUBWAY LOOKS LIKE.>>I ACTUALLY SAW THE FLASH GO OFF AND IT WAS — YOU COULD ALMOST HEAR AN ELECTRICAL — ALMOST LIKE A WELDER. AND ALL OF THE FANS AND THE ENGINES TURNED OFF.>>Reporter: THESE TWO COLLEGE STUDENTS WERE COMPLETE STRANGERS THIS MORNING UNTIL A FIRE UNDERGROUND FORCED COMMUTERS TO LEAN ON EACH OTHER.>>WE WERE THERE FOR MAYBE 40 MINUTES. 40 MINUTES, YEAH.>>IT GOT INCREASINGLY BAD AND PEOPLE STARTING TO COUGH AND PEOPLE OFFERING EACH OTHER WATER.>>Reporter: IS THIS IN THE CAR?>>STILL IN THE CAR, YEAH, YEAH.>>Reporter: EVENTUALLY THEY HAD TO MAKE THEIR WAY OUT THROUGH THE DARK TUNNEL.>>WE ALSO HAD THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WHICH IS MOVING ALONGSIDE WITH THEIR FLASHLIGHTS AND TRYING TO HELP HIM AND I. HE WAS DIRECTING A BLIND WOMAN. IT WAS JUST LIKE OUT OF A MOVIE.>>Reporter: EVERYONE GOT OUT OKAY. IT WAS JUST LIKE OUT OF A MOVIE.>>Reporter: EVERYONE GOT OUT OKAY. THE WORST OF IT? THE ODD SCRATCHY THROAT.>>I OFTEN HAD HEAVINESS IN MY LUNGS BECAUSE OF ALL OF THAT SMOKE, BUT, YEAH, IT WAS INTERESTING.>>QUITE A MORNING.>>Reporter: IT WASN’T MUCH EASIER FOR COMMUTERS ABOVE GROUND.>>I HAD BEEN OVER TWO HOURS WAITING. OVER TWO HOURS AND THE SHUTTLE BUSES HAVE BEEN A DISASTER.>>ABSOLUTELY TERRIBLE. IT’S COLD AND IT’S JUST A LOT RIGHT NOW.>>A MORNING LIKE THIS THIS MORNING IS FRUSTRATING FOR PEOPLE, WE ABSOLUTELY GET THAT. YOU KNOW, IT’S THE WORST TIME OF DAY FOR THESE THINGS TO HAPPEN.>>Reporter: THE T.T.C. THINKS THAT A WOODEN SEGMENT ON THE EAST/WEST LINE 2 CAUGHT FIRE FROM A SPARK.>>THESE SECTIONS OF LINE 2 THAT ARE NOW 50 PLUS YEARS OLD.>>Reporter: 75% OF LINE 2 HAS THESE WOODEN COVER BOARDS. THE SECTION THAT CAUGHT FIRE THIS MORNING WAS REPAIRED TEMPORARILY, BUT T.T.C. CREWS WILL BE BACK DOWN THERE OVERNIGHT TO DO A MORE FULSOME FIX AND TO CONDUCT AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CAUSE. ALI CHIASSON, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Adrienne: WE’RE BACK IN TWO MINUTES WITH MORE NEWS, INCLUDING AN EXCLUSIVE LOOK INSIDE OF A DELICATE AND DANGEROUS POLICE OPERATION.>>THE TARGETS ARE THERE AND SO CAN YOU MAKE YOUR WAY TO THE FRONT DOOR.>>Adrienne: “THE NATIONAL” IS THERE AS THE INVESTIGATORS MOVE IN ON HUMAN TRAFFICKING SUSPECTS. RARE ACCESS RIGHT AFTER THE BREAK. (*)>>Andrew: AND, LATER, DONALD TRUMP LEAVES FOR THE NATO SUMMIT BUT CANNOT LEAVE BEHIND THE THREAT OF IMPEACHMENT.>>Ian: AND WE’RE WATCHING A LOOK AT SEVERAL STORIES ACROSS CANADA TONIGHT. INCLUDING A SCHOOL BUS CRASH IN ALBERTA. SEVERAL STUDENTS WERE RUSHED TO HOSPITAL. WE’RE BACK IN TWO MINUTES. (*>>Adrienne: WELCOME BACK. HUMAN TRAFFICKING IS THE FASTEST GROWING CRIME IN CANADA. THE VICTIMS, OFTEN UNDERAGED GIRLS LURED INTO THE SEX TRADE. AND FIGHTING IT IS A PRIORITY FOR POLICE. IOANNA ROUMELIOTIS JOINED OFFICERS IN THE DURHAM REGION IN THE SMALL HOURS OF THIS MORNING AS THEY SPRANG INTO ACTION.>>Reporter: IT’S THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT AND IT STARTS WITH A BRIEFING.>>THERE’S INFORMATION ABOUT FIREARMS IN BOTH PLACES.>>Reporter: DURHAM POLICE OFFICERS HAVE ARREST WARRANTS AND A PLAN.>>EVERYONE IS CLEAR ON WHAT WE’RE DOING?>>Reporter: MINUTES LATER THE HUMAN TRAFFICKING UNIT IS ON THE MOVE. AT WHAT POINT DO YOU DECIDE THAT IT’S TIME TO MOVE IN?>>I THINK WHEN WE HAVE ENOUGH EVIDENCE THAT WE HAVE GATHERED FROM THE VICTIM’S STATEMENT AND THEN JUST THE RIGHT TIMING AND THE SAFETY CONCERNS.>>Reporter: THIS INVESTIGATION STARTED MONTHS AGO WHEN A 15-YEAR-OLD GIRL CAME FORWARD TO DURHAM VICTIM SERVICES. SHE SAID THAT SHE HAD BEEN LURED ON SOCIAL MEDIA AND FORCED INTO THE SEX TRADE. ON SOCIAL MEDIA AND FORCED INTO THE SEX TRADE.>>WE’RE GOING TO PROTECT OUR VICTIM, NUMBER ONE. AND THEN LAY CHARGES AND HOPEFULLY PREVENT THEM FROM TRAFFICKING ANY OTHER FEMALES THAT ARE OUT THERE.>>EITHER WAY WE STILL SUPPORT THEM.>>Reporter: THE FOCUS HERE IS ON SUPPORTING VICTIMS, EVEN IF THEY DON’T FILE A FORMAL COMPLAINT. THE NUMBERS ARE SKYROCKETING. MANY VICTIMS ARE UNDERAGE AND TERRIFIED.>>IF SOMEBODY SAYS IT DOESN’T BOTHER THEM, THEY’RE LYING TO YOU.>>A LOT OF US HAVE DAUGHTERS IN THE UNIT TOO. SO YOU CAN IMAGINE THAT, YOU KNOW, PICTURING YOUR DAUGHTER AND GRAVITATING TO THIS SICKENING TRADE THEY’RE INVOLVED IN, RIGHT? WHERE THEY’RE MANIPULATED AND THEY’RE FORCED INTO SEX TRAFFICKING OR SOME OF THEM ARE ASSAULTED. THEY’RE BRUTALIZED FOR 10 TO 15 TIMES A DAY.>>Reporter: AN HOUR LATER THEY MEET WITH A TACTICAL UNIT AT A TORONTO POLICE STATION. THE EVIDENCE GATHERED SO FAR POINTS TO TWO FEMALES WORKING FOR A PIMP WHO IS IN JAIL. THE WOMEN MAY BE FORMER TRAFFICKING VICTIMS WHO BECAME RECRUITERS.>>THE SUSPECT IS IN THERE. WE’RE GOING TO GO UP AND TAKE OVER FROM THE TACTICAL UNIT.>>THE TARGET IS THERE. SO CAN YOU MAKE YOUR WAY TO THE FRONT DOOR?>>Reporter: IT TURNS OUT THAT ONLY ONE OF THE TWO SUSPECTS WAS HOME. THE HUMAN TRAFFICKING UNIT SPENDS AN HOUR GATHERING EVIDENCE BEFORE LEADING HER OUT. THERE ARE LIKELY MORE VICTIMS. THE HOPE IS THEY WILL NOW COME FORWARD TOO.>>ON NIGHTS LIKE THIS YOU FEEL LIKE YOU HAVE A MADE A DIFFERENCE?>>YES, YES, WE HAVE.>>Reporter: WHAT KIND OF DIFFERENCE DO YOU THINK YOU’RE MAKING?>>IT’S A LITTLE LIKE TAKING A SPOONFUL OF WATER OUT OF THE LAKE ONTARIO, JUST ONE BIT AT A TIME. BUT WE’RE TRYING OUR BEST, AND THAT’S ALL WE CAN DO.>>Reporter: AND A TENSE NIGHT QUIETLY ENDS. IOANNA ROUMELIOTIS, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Andrew: OKAY, LET’S GO TO OUR NATIONAL NEWSROOM IN VANCOUVER WHERE IAN IS WATCHING STORIES FROM ACROSS CANADA.>>Ian: ANDREW, LET’S BEGIN IN ALBERTA WHERE A CRASH INVOLVING A SCHOOL BUS HAS SENT EIGHT PEOPLE TO HOSPITAL, INCLUDING FIVE CHILDREN IN CRITICAL CONDITION. OFFICIALS SAY THAT THERE WERE 14 STUDENTS ON THAT BUS WHEN IT COLLIDED WITH A TRUCK-MOUNTED CRANE NEAR SMOKY LAKE. THAT’S NORTHEAST OF EDMONTON. A WITNESS SAID THAT THE CRASH SCENE WAS TERRIFYING WITH CHILDREN’S SCREAMS COMING FROM THE WRECKAGE. THOSE STUDENTS RANGE FROM KINDERGARTEN TO GRADE 12. AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE CAUSE OF THE CRASH IS UNDERWAY.>>>MONTRÉAL POLICE INVESTIGATING AN APPARENT CASE OF ROAD RAGE. IT WAS IT WAS WITH A DRIVER SHOT ON A BUSY HIGHWAY. THERE WAS A DISPUTE BETWEEN TWO DRIVERS IN NORTHEAST MONTRÉAL. POLICE SAY THAT ONE OF THEM DROVE HIS CAR ALONGSIDE THE OTHER’S VEHICLE AND FIRED HIS GUN AT THE OTHER DRIVER. A 23-YEAR-OLD MAN IS BEING TREATED IN HOSPITAL FOR INJURIES. THEY’RE DESCRIBED AS NOT LIFE-THREATENING. THE SUSPECT FLED THE SCENE AND POLICE ARE LOOKING FOR ANY WITNESSES OR VIDEO OF THE ALTERCATION.>>>ANOTHER NHL COACH UNDER SCRUTINY TONIGHT FOLLOWING ALLEGATIONS OF PHYSICAL ABUSE BEHIND THE BENCH. MARK CRAWFORD HAS BEEN PLACED ON LEAVE AS ASSISTANT COACH OF THE CHICAGO BLACKHAWKS AFTER RECENT ALLEGATIONS ABOUT HIS CONDUCT DURING HIS TIME WITH THE L.A. KINGS. IN A WEEKEND INTERVIEW WITH “THE NEW YORK POST,” THE NORMER NHL PLAYER SEAN AVERY SAID THAT CRAWFORD KICKED HIM AND IT HAD LEFT A MARK. AND THEN AVERY ADDED THESE COMMENTS…>>MARK CRAWFORD HAD EVERY RIGHT IN THE WORLD TO KICK ME IN THE ASS. I DESERVED IT. I LOVED CROW.>>Ian: THE PLAQUE HAWKS SAY THEY’LL BE CONDUCTING A THOROUGH REVIEW OF THE ALLEGATIONS. CRAWFORD WON’T BE WITH THE TEAM DURING THE INVESTIGATION.>>>ONE MORE HOCKEY NOTE TONIGHT AND IT INVOLVES AN OTTAWA SENATOR. MARK BOROWIECKI IS KNOWN FOR HIS TOUGHNESS ON THE ICE. AND HE SHOWED SOME OFF THE ICE RIGHT HERE IN VANCOUVER. POLICE THANKED BOROWIECKI FOR KNOCKING DOWN A CAR THIEF AND RECOVERING STOLEN GOODS.>>>THE VICTIMS OF THE LONDON BRIDGE STABBINGS ARE HONOURED TONIGHT AND THAT’S ONE OF THE INTERNATIONAL STORIES THAT WE’LL HAVE FOR YOU IN 10 MINUTES.>>Adrienne: ALL RIGHT. TIME FOR A QUICK BREAK. UP NEXT ON “THE NATIONAL,” A KEY WEEK IN THE TRUMP IMPEACHMENT HEARINGS JUST AS THE U.S. PRESIDENT LEAVES THE COUNTRY.>>Andrew: AND, LATER, HOW A GENERATION OF NON-SMOKERS IS GETTING HOOKED ON NICOTINE. OUR ANSWER IN OUR SPECIAL LOOK AT VAPING COMING UP. (*)>>Adrienne: AT A START OF A PIVOTAL WEEK IN WASHINGTON, LAWMAKERS ARE PORING OVER THE HOUSE IMPEACHMENT REPORTS TONIGHT BEFORE THEY’RE MADE PUBLIC TOMORROW. WHILE REPUBLICANS WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT THEIR NARRATIVE GETS AIRTIME TOO. THEY RELEASED A FULL-THROATED DEFENCE OF THE PRESIDENT TODAY, INSISTING THAT DONALD TRUMP DID NOTHING WRONG IN HIS DEALINGS WITH UKRAINE. AS PAUL HUNTER TELLS US, THE PRESIDENT’S SUPPORTERS HAVE ANOTHER BONE TO PICK TOO — BAD TIMING.>>Reporter: AS DONALD TRUMP LEFT FOR HIS THREE-DAY TRIP TO THE NATO SUMMIT IN LONDON, CONSIDER IT A PARTING SHOT OF A KIND…>>President Donald Trump: THE DEMOCRATS, THE RADICAL-LEFT DEMOCRATS, THE DO-NOTHING DEMOCRATS…>>Reporter: SLAMMING THOSE LEADING THE IMPEACHMENT PROCESS AGAINST HIM, NOT LEAST BECAUSE IT CONTINUES THIS WEEK WHILE HE’S AWAY.>>President Donald Trump: THIS WAS SET UP A YEAR AGO THAT WHEN I’M GOING TO NATO THAT WAS THE EXACT TIME. THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT JOURNEYS THAT WE MAKE AS PRESIDENT. AND FOR THEM TO BE DOING THIS AND SAYING THIS AND PUTTING AN IMPEACHMENT ON THE TABLE, WHICH IS A HOAX TO START OFF WITH.>>Reporter: THEN AGAIN, TRUMP LAWYERS MADE CLEAR YESTERDAY THEY HAD NO INTENTION OF TAKING PART IN WHAT WILL HAPPEN WHILE HE’S GONE. TRUMP OR NO TRUMP, IT’S ANOTHER KEY WEEK. TONIGHT LAWMAKERS ARE READYING FOR A VOTE TO SEND IT ALL TO THE NEXT STAGE. AND A HEARING WEDNESDAY ON WHAT CONSTITUTES AN IMPEACHABLE OFFENSE. THEN LIKELY NEXT WEEK AN EXAMINATION OF THE EVIDENCE. AND AFTER THAT A DECISION WHETHER TO OFFICIALLY LAY CHARGES. THE BROAD ALLEGATION FOR THOSE WHO HAVE SOMEHOW MISSED IT IS THAT TRUMP WRONGLY TRIED TO PRESSURE UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT ZELENSKY INTO DIGGING UP DIRT ON TRUMP RIVAL JOE BIDEN. AN ABUSE OF POWER, SAY DEMOCRATS, FOR TRUMP’S PERSONAL/POLITICAL GAIN. SAYS THE WHITE HOUSE, TRUMP’S DONE NOTHING WRONG. AND AS FOR THE PROCEEDINGS AGAINST HIM –>>THIS IS AN UNCONSTITUTIONAL ILLEGITIMATE PROCESS AND WE STAND BY THAT.>>Reporter: TO THAT, SAY THE DEMOCRATS, WHO HAVE HEARD TESTIMONY FROM MULTIPLE WITNESSES –>>THIS WHITE HOUSE HAS BLOCKED US EVERY STEP OF THE WAY AND THEN THEY WANT TO CRY THAT THE PROCESS IS UNFAIR.>>Reporter: TRUMP HIMSELF MAY YET CHOOSE TO TAKE PART, TO CALL FOR WITNESSES OR EVEN TO TESTIFY. A DECISION ON THAT IS DUE BY FRIDAY. REGARDLESS, THE BROAD EXPECTATION REMAINS, THAT SOME TIME THIS MONTH HE WILL BE IMPEACHED. PAUL HUNTER, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Andrew: AND WE’LL BE RIGHT BACK WITH A SPECIAL CBC NEWS PROJECT. VAPING WAS SUPPOSED TO HELP PEOPLE TO QUIT SMOKING SO EXACTLY HAVE SO MANY YOUNGER PEOPLE BELL BECOME ADDICTED. AND DID CANADA IGNORE THE WARNING SIGNS?>>Adrienne: AND LATER IN TONIGHT’S “MOMENT” HE THOUGHT THAT HE WAS SAVING A DOG. LITTLE DID HE KNOW WHAT HE ACTUALLY WELCOMED INTO HIS VEHICLE. BACK JUST AFTER A SHORT BREAK.>>Ian: WELCOME BACK TO OUR NATIONAL NEWSROOM IN VANCOUVER. FORMER U.S. PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER IS BACK IN HOSPITAL TONIGHT, BEING TREATED FOR URINARY TRACT INFECTION. THE 95-YEAR-OLD WAS ADMITTED OVER THE WEEKEND AND ACCORDING TO THE CARTER CENTRE HE’S ALREADY FEELING BETTER. LAST MONTH HE WAS ADMITTED TO A HOSPITAL BECAUSE OF PRESSURE ON HIS BRAIN FROM RECENT FALLS. HE WAS RELEASED LESS THAN A WEEK AGO. CARTER IS THE OLDEST LIVING FORMER U.S. PRESIDENT IN HISTORY.>>>VIGILS WERE HELD TODAY FOR THE TWO PEOPLE KILLED IN THE LAST WEEK’S STABBING ATTACK NEAR LONDON BRIDGE. [BELLS TOLLING]>>Ian: THE BRITISH PRIME MINISTER JOINED OTHER POLITICIANS FOR A MOMENT OF SILENCE. AND IN CAMBRIDGE WHERE JACK MERRITT AND SASKIA JONES WENT TO UNIVERSITY, SCORES OF OTHERS CROWDED INTO THE MARKET SQUARE TO REMEMBER THE TWO. MERRITT AND JONES WERE STABBED FRIDAY AFTER ATTENDING THE SAME PRISONER REHABILITATION CONFERENCE AS THEIR ATTACKER, WHO HAD A PREVIOUS CONVICTION FOR A TERROR OFFENSE.>>>AT LEAST FIVE PEOPLE ARE DEAD IN SOUTHERN FRANCE FOLLOWING A SECOND ROUND OF HEAVY FLOODING. THREE OF THE DEAD WERE EMERGENCY WORKERS WHOSE HELICOPTER CRASHED DURING RESCUE MISSION. TWO OTHER PEOPLE WERE SWEPT AWAY BY RISING FLOODWATERS. THE REGION HAS BEEN HIT HARD BY TORRENTIAL RAINS OVER THE PAST WEEK, SUBMERGING STREETS, INUNDATING HOMES AND SHOPS, AND CAUSING WIDESPREAD DISRUPTION.>>>AND WIND AND RAIN FROM A POWERFUL TYPHOON ARE LASHING PARTS OF THE PHILIPPINES WITH THE SOUTHEAST ASIA GAMES UNDERWAY. THOUSANDS OF RESIDENTS WERE FORCED TO EVACUATE, BUT OFFICIALS FOR THE GAMES SAY THEY HAVE CONTINGENCY PLANS IN PLACE AND THEY’LL BE MAKING ADJUSTMENTS TO THE COMPETITION SCHEDULE.>>>THAT’S IT FOR NOW FROM VANCOUVER. BACK TO ADRIENNE AND ANDREW IN TORONTO.>>Andrew: NOW LET’S TURN BACK TO OUR SPECIAL SERIES ON VAPING IN CANADA. IT IS POORLY UNDERSTOOD, POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS, POPULAR, ESPECIALLY WITH YOUNGER PEOPLE. JUST LIKE SMOKING ONCE WAS. YOUNG CANADIANS HAVE BEEN TURNING AWAY FROM CIGARETTES. FIVE YEARS AGO ABOUT 20% SAID THEY SMOKED OCCASIONALLY AND NOW THAT’S DOWN TO LESS THAN 16%. BUT WALK BY A HIGH SCHOOL OR ANYWHERE REALLY AND YOU WILL NOT HAVE A HARD TIME FINDING YOUNG PEOPLE WHO VAPE. MAYBE THAT’S NOT SURPRISING, CONSIDERING AN ENTIRE INDUSTRY NOW MARKETS DIRECTLY TO THEM. AND THERE’S A REASON WHY THEY’RE SO GOOD AT IT. REMEMBER, MANY OF THESE VAPING COMPANIES ARE NOW OWNED BY TOBACCO GIANTS WHICH HAVE DECADES OF EXPERIENCE SELLING A PRODUCT IN THE FACE OF ADVERSITY. CHRISTINE BIRAK LOOKS AT HOW THEY DO IT.>>Reporter: A NEW GENERATION IS HOOKED ON AN OLD DRUG. AND MAKE NO MISTAKE, NICOTINE CAN DAMAGE A DEVELOPING BRAIN. AT RIDGEVIEW COLLEGIATE IN TORONTO, GRADE NINE STUDENTS ARE JUST LEARNING ABOUT THE DANGERS OF VAPING.>>SO THE GOAL FOR TODAY’S CLASS, WHY VAPING IS SO POPULAR WITH YOUTH LATELY. QUESTION TWO — SO e-CIGARETTES ARE DEVICES THAT PRODUCE NICOTINE AND ARE ADDICTIVE IN THE FORM OF A VAPOUR, STEAM…>>Reporter: NEW NUMBERS REVEAL ALARMING INCREASES AMONG VAPING IN YOUTH.>>WE JUST WANT TO ASK A COUPLE QUESTIONS. I THINK THAT IT WOULD BE MORE COMFORTABLE FOR YOU IF YOU DID THIS WITH YOUR EYES CLOSED OR HEADS ON YOUR DESK IF YOU LIKE. FIRST QUESTION IS — HOW MANY OF YOU KNOW SOMEONE WHO VAPES? OKAY.>>Reporter: 25% TO 30% OF CANADIAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS ADMIT TO VAPING NICOTINE IN THE PAST MONTH.>>PEOPLE JUST REALLY THOUGHT THAT IT WAS REALLY COOL. AND PEOPLE WERE SAYING, OH, IT’S JUST WATER. AND THAT MADE YOU THINK THAT VAPING WAS OKAY AND THAT IT WAS NOTHING REALLY.>>OTHER ANSWERS ARE GREAT AND WE KNEW THAT THOSE WERE CORRECT AS WELL.>>Reporter: EDUCATORS LIKE JANINE DAVIES ARE TRYING TO UNDO THOSE MESSAGES AND EXPLAINING THE DANGERS OF INHALING HEATED CHEMICALS AND HOW THEY WERE LURED INTO IT TO BEGIN WITH.>>I REALLY WANTED THEM TO SEE WHAT THE BIG TOBACCO COMPANIES DID IS THEY FOUND A NEW PRODUCT. AND THEY FOUND A NEW WAY TO MARKET SOMETHING TOWARDS TEENS BECAUSE CIGARETTES WEREN’T WORKING ANYMORE.>>I FOUND A SMARTER ALTERNATIVE TO CIGARETTES.>>Reporter: ENTICING KIDS WITH SWEET FLAVOURS, COOL TRICKS, CELEBRITIES AND CLEVER MARKETING ON SOCIAL MEDIA. THE MORE THEY LEARN, THE MORE SOME FEEL ABANDONED BY GOVERNMENT AND DUPED BY BIG TOBACCO, NOW BIG VAPE IN ITS NEW FORM.>>OBVIOUSLY, THEY SHOULD CARE. BUT I DON’T THINK THEY REALLY CARE, BECAUSE THEY JUST WANT THE MONEY.>>WHEN YOU ENDORSE IT AND YOU MAKE IT POPULAR, PEOPLE REALLY WANT TO TRY THAT. AND BE LIKE, OKAY, VAPING IS ACTUALLY NORMAL.>>Reporter: NORMAL AND COOL — JUST LIKE CIGARETTES IN THE 1950s.>>AND YOU FEEL BETTER WITH SMOKING WITH THE TASTE OF KENT. KIND-TASTING TO YOUR THROAT, KIND-TASTING TO YOUR TASTE BUDS.>>Reporter: BUT WHAT HAPPENED TO THE LESSONS LEARNED FROM SMOKING? HOW COULD YET ANOTHER HIGHLY ADDICTIVE, UNTESTED AND POTENTIALLY DEADLY PRODUCT END UP ON STORE SHELVES RIGHT NEXT TO CANDY?>>THEY CALL THEM HEATED TOBACCO STICKS.>>Reporter: DAVID HAMMOND IS A PUBLIC HEALTH PROFESSOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO.>>THE IRONY IS THAT WE GOT HERE THROUGH AN ATTEMPT TO HELP ADULT SMOKERS. WE STILL HAVE 5 MILLION ADULT SMOKERS AND ONE OUT OF TWO OR THREE ARE LIKELY TO DIE UNLESS THEY QUIT.>>Reporter: IN 2009, HEALTH CANADA WAS ADVISING CANADIANS NOT TO USE e-CIGARETTES OR VAPING DEVICES. STATING THAT THERE COULD BE HEALTH RISKS. THE DEVICES WERE NOT AUTHORIZED AS SMOKING CESSATION AIDS, AND ACCORDING TO HEALTH CANADA HAZARDOUS TO THE HEALTH OF CHILDREN. BUT A GROUP OF EXPERTS, INCLUDING HAMMOND, SUPPORTED THE POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF VAPING.>>I REMEMBER TESTIFYING TO ONE OF THE COMMITTEES AND SAYING THAT SMOKERS SHOULD HAVE ACCESS TO THESE. AND WE NEED TO BE HONEST WITH SMOKERS THEY’RE NOT GOING TO BE AS HARMFUL AS SMOKING.>>IT’S BEEN MARKETED AS SAFE AND IT’S REALLY MISLED THEM.>>Reporter: EXPERTS, INCLUDING DR. RICHARD STANWICK, ARGUED RIGHT BACK, INSISTING THAT BIG VAPES HAD EVEN PROVEN THE SAFETY OR THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THEIR PRODUCTS.>>ABSOLUTELY NO EVIDENCE TO SUGGEST THAT THESE WERE GOING TO BE HELPFUL IN GETTING PEOPLE OFF OF CIGARETTES.>>Reporter: IN 2015, STANWICK WROTE A PAPER WARNING THAT VAPING OR e-CIGARETTES COULD END UP RENORMALIZING PUBLIC SMOKING, REVERSING FIVE DECADES OF TOBACCO CONTROL AND REVITALIZING NICOTINE DEPENDENCY IN CHILDREN. BUT HIS SIDE WAS LOSING THE PUBLIC HEALTH DEBATE.>>WE’RE SEEN THAT THESE ARE NERVOUS NELLIES, THAT THEY HAVE FOUND THE SOLUTION AND IT’S ALMOST EVANGELICAL IN THE MOVEMENT THAT THE VAPE INDUSTRY IS THE ONE THAT’S GOING TO SOLVE THE CIGARETTE PROBLEM.>>AND WE’RE HERE TO TALK ABOUT BILL S-5…>>Reporter: LAST YEAR HEALTH CANADA MADE IT OFFICIAL.>>THIS BILL IS A KEY ELEMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT’S TOBACCO CONTROL AGENDA.>>Reporter: PUTTING BASIC RESTRICTIONS ON THE MANUFACTURING, SALE, LABELING AND PROMOTION OF VAPE PRODUCTS. NOTHING NEAR THE STRICT RULES SLAPPED ON CIGARETTES. AT THE SAME TIME, HIGH-DOSE NICOTINE PRODUCTS LIKE JUUL WERE ENTERING THE MARKET AND ALREADY APPEALING TO CHILDREN. SUDDENLY BOTH SIDES OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH DEBATE AGREED. HEALTH CANADA’S REGULATIONS WERE FAR TOO WEAK.>>THIS IS A NIGHTMARE FOR EVERYBODY. SO WE’RE FAILING BOTH CHARTER MARKETS AND WE’RE NOT PROTECTING KIDS. AND WE’RE NOT DOING A GOOD JOB OF GETTING THE PRODUCTS INTO THE HANDS OF PEOPLE WHO COULD BENEFIT, WHICH ARE ADULT SMOKERS TO QUIT. WHAT DOES THE FUTURE MARKET HOLD? IT CAN’T LOOK LIKE IT IS TODAY. THE GOVERNMENTS WILL NEED TO TAKE MEANINGFUL ACTION SO THAT WE’RE STILL NOT TALKING ABOUT THIS PROBLEM AND SCRATCHING OUR HEADS ABOUT WHAT TO DO TWO, THREE, FOUR, FIVE YEARS FROM NOW.>>Reporter: UNLIKE HEALTH REGULATORS IN THE UNITED STATES WHO HAVE DECLARED A YOUTH VAPING EPIDEMIC, HEALTH CANADA HAS SAID RELATIVELY LITTLE ABOUT THE RISING NUMBER OF CHILDREN USING NICOTINE. NOR WOULD IT AGREE TO AN INTERVIEW TO TALK ABOUT THE CRISIS IN KIDS, AND ITS FAILED ATTEMPT TO HELP SMOKERS QUIT OR WHAT TO DO NEXT. BACK AT RIDGEVIEW, JANINE DAVIES IS TEACHING HER STUDENTS HOW TO BE MEDIA SAVVY IN THE NEW WORLD OF VOAPING.>>ON THE LEFT, WE HAVE AN OLD CLASSIC CIGARETTE AD, AND ON THE RIGHT A NEW AD FOR A VAPING PRODUCT. CAN YOU SEE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE TWO OF THEM?>>YEAH.>>AND THE WAY THEY PORTRAY IT MAKES IT FEEL MORE NORMAL.>>Reporter: EXPERTS SAY THAT THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN VAPING IN THIS COUNTRY HASN’T PLATEAUED YET. AND FOR THE FIRST TIME IN DECADES, BIG TOBACCO HAS A GROWING MARKET AND A RANGE OF NEW NICOTINE DELIVERY PRODUCTS ARE COMING.>>NO LIMITS…>>Reporter: AS YOUNG CANADIANS QUIETLY BREATHE NEW LIFE INTO A DANGEROUS OLD HABIT.>>Andrew: AND WE HAVE CHRISTINE JOINING US NOW ALONG WITH THE CBC MEDICAL SCIENCE CORRESPONDENT KELLY CROWE AND HER STORY “VAPE FAIL” IS NOW AVAILABLE AT cbcnews.ca. CHRISTINE, LET’S START WITH YOU BECAUSE IN YOUR PIECE WE SEE MORE AND MORE YOUNG PEOPLE VAPING AND YET THESE DEVICES ARE ILLEGAL FOR KIDS. SO BIG QUESTION — WHERE ARE THEY GETTING THEM FROM?>>Reporter: I HAD THE EXACT SAME QUESTION. AND AFTER THAT HEALTH CLASS WAS OVER I ASKED A GROUP OF GRADE NINE GIRLS IF THEY’D STAY BEHIND AND TRY TO ANSWER SOME OF THESE QUESTIONS FOR ME. BECAUSE I HONESTLY THOUGHT THAT THEY WERE BUYING THEM ONLINE. AND THE GIRL SAID, WELL, WE DON’T HAVE CREDIT CARDS. BUT THEY SAID THAT SOME KIDS WILL BUY PREPAID CREDIT CARDS IN GROCERY STORES WHICH ARE MEANT TO BE GIFT CARDS. BUT THAT’S NOT HOW THE BULK OF THEM ARE GETTING THEM. THEY’RE PICKING THEM UP AT HOME. SO MOM OR DAD OR AN OLDER SIBLING HAS TRIED VAPING AND MAYBE THEY TRIED A FLAVOUR AND THEY DON’T LIKE IT. AND THEN THEY LEAVE THEM JUST LYING AROUND AND THEY GET PICKED UP RIGHT FROM THE COUNTER, RIGHT FROM THE SHELVES. AND THE OTHER WAY THAT THEY’RE GETTING THEM — AND IT’S THE SAME WAY THAT KIDS GOT CIGARETTES AND BOOZE — IS THAT THERE’S ALWAYS A TRUSTED ADULT INVOLVED AND THEY GO AND BUY THEM FOR THEM. BUT IT’S SO EASY FOR THEM TO GET THEIR HAND ON THEM. THE GIRL SAID IF YOU WANT WE’LL TAKE YOU TO THE SCHOOLYARD RIGHT NOW AND WE CAN GO AND BUY SOME CARTRIDGES IF YOU WANT.>>Andrew: INTERESTING. AND SPEAKING OF ADULTS THOUGH, KELLY, WHEN YOU LOOK AT WHEN e-CIGARETTES HIT THE MARKET, THERE WAS A SUGGESTION OUT THERE THAT, HEY, THIS COULD BE A USEFUL TOOL IN HELPING ADULTS TO QUIT SMOKING. HOW MUCH SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE WAS THERE TO BACK THAT UP, THAT THAT WOULD HAPPEN?>>Reporter: WELL, ACTUALLY, IT WASN’T JUST A SUGGESTION. THE ENTIRE FEDERAL POLICY IS BASED ON THIS — OR THERE’S AN UNPROVEN HYPOTHESIS THAT THIS WOULD WORK TO HELP SMOKERS QUIT. IN FACT, AS THE POLICY WAS BEING DEVELOPED THERE WAS NOT REALLY ANY EVIDENCE. AND AS IT STANDS RIGHT NOW, THE STUDIES THAT ARE COMING IN ARE SUGGESTING THAT THESE ARE 85% TO 95% INEFFECTIVE. SO PEOPLE ARE JUST — SMOKERS ARE STARTING VAPING, BUT MANY OF THEM ARE JUST CONTINUING TO SMOKE. SO NOW WE HAVE DUAL USERS.>>Andrew: SO, CHRISTINE, THE EXPERTS THAT YOU HAVE SPOKEN TO, WHAT DO THEY SAY THAT NEEDS TO HAPPEN NEXT?>>Reporter: I WOULD SAY THAT THE TOP THREE THAT I’VE HEARD IN TERMS OF CHANGES WOULD BE TO GET RID OF ALL OF THE ADS, LIMIT THE NUMBER OF FLAVOURS. THAT’S WHAT IS DRAWING THE KIDS IN.>>Andrew: YOUNG PEOPLE, YEAH.>>Reporter: EXACTLY. AND ALSO TO LOWER THE NICOTINE LEVELS. RIGHT NOW IN CANADA THE LIMIT IS 60-MILLIGRAMS PER MILLILITER, AND THAT IS THREE TIMES THE LIMIT IN EUROPE.>>Reporter: THIS WHOLE POLICY WAS DESIGNED TO CREATE AS MUCH ACCESS AS POSSIBLE, WITH A NOD TO TRYING TO — POSSIBLY MORE THAN A NOD — WITH THE INTENTION OF RESTRICTING ACCESS TO KIDS. AND NOW THAT WE’VE SEEN THAT THIS HASN’T PREVENTED YOUTH UPTAKE, THE PEOPLE ARE CALLING FOR A RESTRICTION IN PROVINCES AND MUNICIPALITIES, ACROSS THE COUNTRY AND ARE WORKING ON WAYS TO NARROW ACCESS TO THESE DEVICES.>>Andrew: KELLY, CHRISTINE, THANK YOU VERY MUCH.>>YOU’RE WELCOME.>>THANK YOU.>>Andrew: OUR SPECIAL SERIES ON VAPING CONTINUES TOMORROW WITH A LOOK AT HOW THE HABIT CAN AFFECT YOUR TEETH. SPOILER ALERT — IT’S NOT PRETTY.>>YOU CAN SEE SIGNIFICANT RECESSION WHERE THE GUM TISSUE IS BEING DESTROYED OR KILLED BY THE CHEMICALS IN THE VAPING SOLUTION.>>Andrew: SO POTENTIALLY BAD FOR YOUR MOUTH. AND NEW RESEARCH SHOWS THAT IT DOESN’T TAKE LONG TO DO A LOT OF DAMAGE. THAT’S TOMORROW ON “THE NATIONAL.” PLUS, AS PART OF OUR SERIES WE’RE HOSTING AN EXPERT DISCUSSION AND WE WANT TO ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS. SO EMAIL THEM TO US AT [email protected] AND THAT CONVERSATION WILL AIR THIS WEDNESDAY NIGHT HERE ON “THE NATIONAL.” AND YOU CAN JOIN OUR SPECIAL LIVE FACEBOOK Q. AND A. THIS WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON. 2:00 p.m. EASTERN.>>Adrienne: ALL RIGHT, SO TIME FOR A QUICK BREAK. WE’LL BE RIGHT BACK WITH MORE NEWS ON “THE NATIONAL,” AND INCLUDING A LOOK AT WHY MORE AND MORE PEOPLE ARE USING FOOD BANKS. AND A LOT OF THEM HAVE JOBS BUT THEY’RE STILL STRUGGLING. THAT’S NEXT. (*) (*)>>I’M ELAMIN ABDELMAHMOUD IN FOR JAYME POISSON. TOMORROW ON CBC’S DAILY NEWS PODCAST “FRONTBURNER,” THE PREMIERS MEETING AND HOW PROVINCIAL AND TERRITORIALS ARE FLEXING THEIR MUSCLES. SUBSCRIBE WHEREVER YOU GET YOUR PODCASTS.>>Adrienne: THIS IS THE SEASON OF GIVING, AND ACCORDING TO A NEW REPORT, THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE IN NEED IS STAGGERING. THE NON-PROFIT “SEED ONTARIO” HAS MORE THAN HALF A MILLION PEOPLE VISITING FOOD BANKS ACROSS THE PROVINCE OVER THE PAST YEAR. AND AS ELLEN MAURO EXPLAINS, MANY OF THEM HAVE JOBS.>>THERE WE GO.>>Reporter: FOR BERYL-ANN MARK, BOTH HER GREATEST JOY AND THE BIGGEST STRESS COMES FROM PROVIDING FOR HER KIDS.>>YOU DON’T KNOW WHERE THE EXTRA DOLLAR IS GOING TO COME FROM TO BUY FOOD FOR YOUR CHILDREN.>>Reporter: AND SO THE SINGLE MOTHER OF FIVE ACTIVELY LOOKING FOR A JOB RELIES ON HER LOCAL FOOD BANK.>>CANADA IS ONE OF THE MOST WEALTHIEST COUNTRIES IN THE WORLD. AND IT’S DISHEARTENING TO SEE THAT SO MANY PEOPLE HAS TO LINE UP SOMETIMES IN THE COLD, THE FREEZING COLD, TO GET SOMETHING BASIC OR NECESSARY AS FOOD.>>Reporter: THE NEW REPORT SAYS FOOD BANK USE ACROSS ONTARIO IS ON THE RISE. EVEN THE NUMBER OF EMPLOYED PEOPLE USING FOOD BANKS HAS JUMPED 27% OVER THE PAST THREE YEARS. THE REPORT ATTRIBUTES THE RISE OF USERS IN AN INCREASE IN TEMPORARY JOBS AND LOW WAGES. IT ALSO FOUND THAT ONE IN 10 ONTARIANS DOESN’T MAKE ENOUGH MONEY TO AFFORD A BASIC STANDARD OF LIVING.>>PEOPLE ARE WORKING MULTIPLE PART-TIME POSITIONS OR MULTIPLE CONTRACT JOBS TO MAKE ENDS MEET SO IT’S BECOMING INCREASINGLY DIFFICULT TO ACQUIRE SUFFICIENT INCOME TO MEET ALL OF THEIR NEEDS AT THE END OF THE MONTH.>>Reporter: ACCORDING TO THE THE REPORT, CHILDREN AND SINGLE-PERSON HOUSEHOLDS RELY ON FOOD BANKS THE MOST. VOLUNTEER MARILYN MINICK-LA MARSH SAYS THAT SHE’S NOTICED THE GROWING NUMBERS.>>YOU SEE YOUNGER PEOPLE AND YOU SEE YOUNG FAMILIES AND YOU SEE PEOPLE ON THEIR OWN AND YOU SEE SENIORS. SO IT’S REALLY A DIVERSE GROUP OF PEOPLE ACCESSING THE FOOD BANK.>>Reporter: MERYL-ANN MARKS FEARS THAT IT MAY ONLY GET WORSE.>>EVERY YEAR THE RENT INCREASES AND, YOU KNOW, THE FOOD PRICES HAVE GONE UP, AND SO EVERYTHING HAS GONE UP.>>Reporter: AND SO DO HER WORRIES, ESPECIALLY BEFORE THE HOLIDAYS. ELLEN MAURO, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Andrew: AND WE’LL BE RIGHT BACK WITH TONIGHT’S “MOMENT.” A CASE OF MISTAKEN IDENTITY AFTER A COLLISION WITH AN ANIMAL ON THE ROAD. NOW DON’T WORRY, IT ALL ENDS WELL. (*)>>Andrew: WELL, THIS IS WHAT HAPPENED TO A GOOD SAMARITAN’S CAR AFTER HITTING A BIG DOG ON HIS WAY TO WORK. IT WAS STUNNED FROM THE CRASH, SO THE MAN WORRYING FOR ITS SAFETY HOISTED IT INTO THE BACK SEAT OF HIS CAR. EXCEPT THAT BIG DOG WAS NOT ACTUALLY A DOG. IT WAS A COYOTE WHO, BY THE WAY, IS NOW RECOVERING NICELY. BUT THAT NOT SO BRIEF MOMENT OF MISTAKEN IDENTITY IS OUR “MOMENT” TONIGHT.>>THE FIRST PERSON THAT I BROUGHT OUT TO SEE HIM, BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, I HOLD HIM THAT I HIT A DOG. AND HE SAID, OKAY, LET’S GO SEE. AND HE COMES OUT AND SAYS, THAT’S NOT A DOG. OH, OKAY. I HIT HIM RIGHT THERE. THE AMOUNT OF TIME THAT THE WHOLE THING HAPPENED WAS LIKE LESS THAN 20 SECONDS PROBABLY FROM THE TIME THAT I SAW HER START ACROSS THE ROAD UNTIL I HIT HER. WORKING ON THE PREMISE THAT I HAD THAT IT WAS A DOG, I WAS WORRIED THAT IN THAT CONDITION, BECAUSE IT WAS SORT OF OUT TO LUNCH, THAT IF A PREYING ANIMAL CAME BY IT WOULD KILL IT. WHICH IS WHY I DECIDED TO TAKE HER. SHE WAS DOCILE, VERY DOCILE. AND HER EYES WERE OPEN AND MOVED HER HEAD A LITTLE BIT, BUT THAT’S IT. NO GROWLING OR BARKING. AND I REACHED BEHIND AND I WAS PETTING HER AND SHE WAS NOT PURRING OR ANYTHING, BUT NOT BEING VICIOUS, JUST TAKING IT.>>Adrienne: OKAY, SO THIS IS A VERY NICE MAN. [laughter] TO REACH BEHIND AND TO PET THIS POOR DOG, NOT DOG, AND I CAN’T HELP BUT THINK SOMEWHERE OUT THERE THERE’S A HORROR MOVIE WITH SCREENWRITERS SAYING THAT THIS COULD HAVE ENDED VERY BADLY. DID YOU HAD ME DOING IT. THE COYOTE IS OKAY, NO BROKEN BONES.>>Andrew: WHICH IS GOOD NEWS. AND ORIGINALLY I WAS THINKING THAT THERE’S NOT EVEN A CAUTIONARY TALE HERE, BECAUSE IT’S NOT A DO NOT PICK UP WILDLIFE THING, BECAUSE HE THOUGHT IT THAT IT WAS A DOG. BUT MAYBE GOOGLE WHAT A COYOTE LOOKS LIKE.>>Ian: AND ALSO A CAUTIONARY TALE, DON’T GO FOR A DRIVE WITH THIS GUY THROUGH THE SERENGETI, BECAUSE NO WONDER WHAT HE WILL PICK UP, ACCIDENTALLY HAVING HIT. AND TALKING OF GOOGLE I WAS TRYING TO FIND THE PRONUNCIATION FOR THE WORD “COYOTE” AND THERE’S A DEBATE ON TWITTER AS WE SPEAK AND NO CLEAR DEFINITIVE ANSWER.>>Adrienne: I GO FOR COYOTE.>>Ian: THAT IS “THE NATIONAL” FOR DECEMBER 2. GOODNIGHT. (*)

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