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The National for Tuesday, Dec. 10 — New NAFTA signed; Kenney in Ottawa; How green are electric cars

The National for Tuesday, Dec. 10 — New NAFTA signed; Kenney in Ottawa; How green are electric cars


(*)>>Rosemary: TONIGHT, COULD CANADA’S TRADE BATTLE FINALLY BE OVER? [Applause]>>The Hon. Chyrstia Freeland: WE MADE IT TO THE FINISH LINE.>>Rosemary: SIGNING ON TO A NEW NAFTA DEAL.>>THE PRESIDENT’S CONTINUING ABUSE OF HIS POWER HAS LEFT US NO CHOICE.>>Rosemary: THE DEMOCRATS FORMALLY CALL FOR PRESIDENT TRUMP TO BE IMPEACHED. (*)>>>OUR FIRST CLOSE LOOK AT THE AFTERMATH IN NEW ZEALAND AFTER A VOLCANO ERUPTED. [Cheers and Applause]>>>IS THIS THE FUTURE OF AIR TRAVEL? THE WORLD’S FIRST ELECTRIC PLANE TAKES FLIGHT. (*)>>>THIS IS “THE NATIONAL.” (*) (*)>>>AFTER YEARS OF NEGOTIATIONS, TWO ELECTIONS, AND ALL KINDS OF POLITICAL DRAMA BETWEEN CANADA, THE U.S. AND MEXICO, A BIG MOMENT TODAY THAT HAD A REAL AIR OF CELEBRATION. ALL THREE COUNTRIES SIGNED ON TO A REVISED NEW FREE-TRADE DEAL WITH CANADA CALLING IT A WIN-WIN-WIN, AND THE U.S., QUOTE “NOTHING SHORT OF A MIRACLE.” KATIE SIMPSON WALKS US THROUGH WHAT’S DIFFERENT THIS TIME.>>Reporter: THERE HAD BEEN GREAT DOUBT THIS MOMENT WOULD EVER HAPPEN. BUT AN AGREEMENT WAS POSSIBLE AFTER THE CLOSED DOOR SHOUTING MATCHES, NAME CALLING, BROKEN DEADLINES AND SQUANDERED GOODWILL, BUT THEY MADE IT. [Applause]>>The Hon. Chyrstia Freeland: THIS HAS BEEN A LONG, ARDUOUS AND AT TIMES FRAUGHT NEGOTIATION. WE MADE IT TO THE FINISH LINE BECAUSE WE LEARNED HOW TO WORK TOGETHER.>>IT’S NOTHING SHORT OF A MIRACLE THAT WE HAVE ALL COME TOGETHER. I THINK THAT’S A TESTAMENT TO HOW GOOD THE AGREEMENT IS.>>Reporter: TRUMP’S TOP MAN ON TRADE HAD TO FIND CONSENSUS BOTH AT HOME AND ABROAD. ROBERT LIGHTHIZER ACCEPTED DEMANDS FROM THE DEMOCRATS IN EXCHANGE FOR A PROMISE TO PASS NAFTA THROUGH CONGRESS.>>IN TERMS OF OUR WORK HERE, IT IS INFINITELY BETTER THAN WHAT WAS INITIALLY PROPOSED BY THE ADMINISTRATION.>>Reporter: NANCY PELOSI ASKED FOR A CHANGE TO MAKE IT EASIER TO LOWER PRESCRIPTION DRUG PRICES. AND DEMANDED NEW WAYS TO MONITOR WORKING CONDITIONS IN MEXICO TO MAKE SURE THAT LABOUR AND ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS ARE BEING MET. IDEAS THAT CANADA SAYS THAT IT HAD BEEN PUSHING FOR FROM THE START.>>The Hon. Chyrstia Freeland: IT IS WITH GREAT SATISFACTION THAT I SEE QUITE A LOT OF THOSE POSITIONS ACTUALLY BEING PART OF THE AMENDED AGREEMENT THAT WE ALL SIGNED TODAY.>>Reporter: IT WAS MORE THAN JUST PROGRESSIVE IDEAS THAT LED TO THIS BREAKTHROUGH. MEXICO ACCEPTED DEEP CONCESSIONS. SO MUCH SO THE AMERICANS TRIED TO EASE THEIR PAIN BY AWKWARDLY GUSHING OVER THE MEXICAN PRESIDENT.>>I AM SO PROUD TO BE HERE AND HONOURED TO BE HERE WITH THE PRESIDENT OF MEXICO, WHO IS THIS HISTORIC FIGURE. AND I WANT TO GIVE MY BEST WISHES AGAIN FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES WHO IS A TRULY HISTORIC FIGURE ALSO.>>Rosemary: KATIE, CHRYSTIA FREELAND IS HEADING BACK HERE TONIGHT. GIVE US A SENSE HOW THIS NEW DEAL WILL BE RECEIVED HERE IN CANADA?>>Reporter: THE ALUMINUM INDUSTRY, WHICH IS A BIG CONCERN IN QUÉBEC, IS NOT HAPPY. IT HAD WANTED MORE PROTECTIONS THAT DIDN’T COME THROUGH. AND THAT’S GOING TO BE A PROBLEM FOR THE LIBERALS. AND THERE WILL LIKELY BE MORE COMPLAINTS FROM DIFFERENT INDUSTRIES AS THE DETAILS ARE MADE FULLY PUBLIC. BUT THE TRUDEAU GOVERNMENT OVERALL SEES THIS AS A MAJOR WIN. REMEMBER, THAT THE MOST POWERFUL LEADER IN THE WORLD, PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP, WAS READY, WILLING AND ABLE TO END THIS TRADE DEAL COMPLETELY AND, OF COURSE, THE CANADIAN ECONOMY RELIES SO HEAVILY UPON IT. THE PRIME MINISTER’S FIRST MANDATE WAS DEDICATED TO MAKING SURE THAT THE TRADING RELATIONSHIP WITH THE U.S. REMAINED INTACT AND THERE TONIGHT IS SOME DEEP RELIEF IN OTTAWA. THAT IS STILL THE CASE. ROSIE?>>Rosemary: OKAY, KATIE SIMPSON FOR US IN MEXICO CITY TONIGHT. THANKS, KATIE.>>>SO NOW THAT THE NEW NEW NAFTA DEAL HAS BEEN SIGNED IT NEEDS TO BE RATIFIED IN EACH COUNTRY, BUT THE TIMELINES FOR THAT ARE STILL VERY MUCH IN FLUX. THE MEXICAN OFFICIALS SAY THEY WANTED TO GET THEIR DEAL TO THE SENATE WITHIN HOURS, BUT MINISTER FREELAND WOULD ONLY SAY THAT IT’S IN CANADA’S INTEREST TO RATIFY IT AS SOON AS POSSIBLE. THAT WILL MEAN, OF COURSE, GETTING A MINORITY PARLIAMENT, AT LEAST PART OF IT, ONSIDE. AND THE BLOC QUÉBECOIS ARE ALREADY EXPRESSING SOME CONCERN. AND IN THE U.S. THE HOUSE IS LIKELY TO VOTE BEFORE THE END OF THE YEAR BUT THE SENATE PROBABLY WON’T UNTIL JANUARY OR FEBRUARY, AFTER WHEN MANY EXPECTED DONALD TRUMP’S IMPEACHMENT TRIAL TO TAKE PLACE.>>>AND TONIGHT THE U.S. PRESIDENT IS ONE STEP CLOSER TO THAT IMPEACHMENT TRIAL. DEMOCRATS IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES ANNOUNCED TWO FORMAL CHARGES AGAINST DONALD TRUMP — ABUSE OF POWER AND OBSTRUCTION OF CONGRESS. SUSAN ORMISTON HAS THE DETAILS FROM WASHINGTON.>>Reporter: STRAIGHT UP AND SOMBRE, THE DEMOCRATS MOVE TO IMPEACH THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.>>THE PRESIDENT’S CONTINUING ABUSE OF HIS POWER HAS LEFT US NO CHOICE.>>Reporter: ADAM SCHIFF, WHOM TRUMP CALLS “SHIFTY SCHIFF” TURNED THE TABLES.>>WHY DON’T YOU LET HIM CHEAT IN JUST ONE MORE ELECTION? WHY NOT LET HIM CHEAT ONE MORE TIME?>>Reporter: TRUMP FACES IMPEACHMENT ON TWO CHARGE IT’S — ABUSE OF POWER AND OBSTRUCTION OF CONGRESS. BOTH RELATED TO HIS PRESSURING UKRAINE TO INVESTIGATE A POLITICAL RIVAL FOR HIS OWN PERSONAL GAIN. TRUMP CALLED THE CHARGES “WEAK” AND “POLITICAL MADNESS” BEFORE THE REPUBLICANS TOOK AIM.>>YOU KNOW, BACK IN 2016 THE DEMOCRATS CALLED THOSE WHO SUPPORTED DONALD TRUMP DEPLORABLE. AND NOW THEY’RE TRYING TO DISQUALIFY THEIR VOTE.>>Reporter: FORMER CHARGES SET IN MOTION A SERIES OF VOTES THIS WEEK AND NEXT WHICH COULD MAKE DONALD TRUMP THE THIRD AMERICAN PRESIDENT TO BE IMPEACHED. AND A SECOND ONE POPPED UP TODAY SUPPORTING A VOTE.>>CONGRESS IS DOING WHAT THEY BELIEVE IS RIGHT. THE AMERICAN PEOPLE WILL SAY IF IT TRUE AND IS IT WHAT THEY SAY. AND THEN WHAT SHOULD BE DONE WITH IT IF IT IS TRUE. MEANWHILE THE REST OF US SHOULD GO ABOUT OUR LIVES.>>Reporter: STRANGE HOW THESE TWO LEADERS COULD INTERSECT IN SUCH AN UNFLATTERING WAY. STRANGER STILL THAT RUSSIA SENT ITS TOP DIPLOMAT TO WASHINGTON TODAY OF ALL DAYS TO MEET THE SECRETARY OF STATE PUBLICLY.>>WE ALSO SPENT A FAIR AMOUNT OF TIME TALKING ABOUT UKRAINE.>>Reporter: AND TO MEET PRIVATELY IN THE OVAL OFFICE WITH DONALD TRUMP. TONIGHT IN PENNSYLVANIA, AT A RALLY, THE U.S. PRESIDENT STANDS CHARGED WITH IMPEACHMENT AND VERY DEFIANT.>>President Donald Trump: TODAY THE HOUSE DEMOCRATS ANNOUNCED THESE TWO FLIMSY, PATHETIC, RIDICULOUS ARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT.>>Reporter: SO THE WHITE HOUSE STRATEGY — DENIGRATE THE IMPEACHMENT PROCESS, KEEP AN EYE ON THOSE BATTLEGROUND STATES AND PREPARE FOR A TRIAL IN THE SENATE IN JANUARY. SUSAN ORMISTON, CBC NEWS, WASHINGTON.>>Rosemary: AS FOR WHAT HAPPENS NEXT IN ALL OF THIS, THE CHARGES OR THE ARTICLES OF IMPEACHMENT WILL BE DEBATED AND VOTED ON BY THE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE. AND THAT COULD HAPPEN WITHIN DAYS. IT IS EXPECTED TO PASS. AND IT WOULD TRIGGER A FULL VOTE IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. NOW REMEMBER THAT THE HOUSE IS CONTROLLED BY THE DEMOCRATS, SO IT’S EXPECTED TO PASS THERE TOO. BUT THE NEXT STEP IS WHERE THE PROCESS COULD GRIND TO A HALT SINCE THE REPUBLICANS CONTROL THE SENATE WHERE THE TRIAL WILL BE HELD.>>>STILL IN THE UNITED STATES, SIX PEOPLE ARE DEAD, INCLUDING A POLICE OFFICER. A GUN BATTLE HAPPENED IN THE STREETS OF JERSEY CITY. (gunshots). IT ALL STARTED NEAR A CEMETERY WHERE A POLICE OFFICER WAS SHOT.>>WE CRIED WITH THE FAMILY. IT’S ONE OF THE HARDEST THINGS THAT YOU EVER HAVE TO SEE IN YOUR ENTIRE LIFE. (gunshots).>>Rosemary: TWO SUSPECTS THEN FLED TO A GROCERY STORE WHERE THEY HOLED UP AND OPENED FIRE.>>(gunshots).>>IT WAS A WAR ZONE. IT WAS GUN POWER. I HAVE NEVER EXPERIENCED NOTHING LIKE THAT IN MY LIFE.>>Rosemary: S.W.A.T. TEAMS ARRIVED QUICKLY AND NEARBY SCHOOLS WERE LOCKED DOWN AND BYSTANDERS EVACUATED TO SAFETY. IN THE END BOTH SUSPECTS AND THREE BYSTANDERS WERE KILLED. IT’S NOT CLEAR WHAT SPARKED THE VIOLENCE.>>>IN NEW ZEALAND TODAY WHERE MONDAY’S VOLCANIC ERUPTION HAS NOW KILLED AT LEAST SIX PEOPLE, EFFORTS TO RECOVER THE BODIES OF MORE VICTIMS HIT A ROADBLOCK. MEANWHILE STEVEN D’SOUZA TELLS US STORIES OF SOME OF THE SURVIVORS AND THEIR RESCUERS THAT ARE NOW EMERGING.>>Reporter: SMOKE CONTINUES TO RISE INTO THE CLEAR BLUE SKY ABOVE WHITE ISLAND. ON THE GROUND, A BLANKET OF ASH COVERS PART OF THE LANDSCAPE AS A HELICOPTER TEAM SEARCHED FOR SIGNS OF LIFE. NEWLYWEDS LAUREN AND MATTHEW UREY WERE ON THEIR HONEYMOON, TOURING THE VOLCANO BEFORE IT ERUPTED. THEY SURVIVED AND MATTHEW LEFT HIS MOTHER A VOICE MAIL THAT SHOOK HER.>>TERRIFIED AND EVERY EMOTION THAT YOU CAN IMAGINE. I HUNG UP AND QUICKLY CALLED HIM BACK AND I AT LEAST GOT TO HEAR HIS VOICE THAT HE WAS AT THE HOSPITAL, BUT HIS HANDS ARE SEVERELY BURNED AND HE REALLY COULDN’T USE THE PHONE.>>Reporter: IN THE IMMEDIATE AFTERMATH, THE HELICOPTER PILOTS RUSHED BACK TO SAVE DOZENS OF PEOPLE. NEW ZEALAND’S PRIME MINISTER PRAISED THEIR EFFORTS.>>I WANT TO ACKNOWLEDGE THE COURAGE AND THEIR EFFORTS TO GET PEOPLE OFF THE ISLAND. THOSE PILOTS MADE AN INCREDIBLY BRAVE DECISION UNDER EXTREMELY DANGEROUS CIRCUMSTANCES.>>Reporter: EIGHT BODIES REMAINED ON THE ISLAND. AUTHORITIES SAY THAT ALL ARE NOW PRESUMED DEAD. RECOVERY TEAMS CAN’T LAND UNTIL THE ISLAND IS DEEMED SAFE.>>WE CANNOT PUT OTHER PEOPLE IN JEOPARDY TO GO OUT THERE. UNTIL WE ARE SURE THAT THE ISLAND IS ACTUALLY SAFE.>>Reporter: THEY SAY THAT TREMORS HAVE INCREASED SINCE THIS MORNING AND ANOTHER ERUPTION IS A POSSIBILITY. THE PRIME MINISTER SAYS THAT THE PRIORITY NOW IS THE SURVIVORS.>>THE ABSOLUTE FOCUS AT THE MOMENT IS ENSURING THAT WE HAVE THE VERY BEST CARE FOR THOSE WHO WERE INJURED AS A RESULT OF THE ERUPTION.>>Reporter: THOSE KILLED OR INJURED IN THE ERUPTION CAME FROM EUROPE, THE U.S., CHINA, MALAYSIA, NEW ZEALAND AND AUSTRALIA. MOST WERE PASSENGERS ON THIS CRUISE SHIP WHICH STAYED IN PORT DURING THE CHAOS AND LEFT TODAY.>>I CAN’T FIND THE WORDS FOR IT, TO BE FAIR. I JUST WANT TO SEND OUR LOVE AND COMPASSION.>>Reporter: AUTHORITIES SAY THAT A CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION IS UNDERWAY, THOUGH IT’S NOT CLEAR WHO IS TO BLAME, AS THE WORLD ASKS WHY TOURISTS WERE ALLOWED TO VISIT SUCH A DANGEROUS SITE. STEVEN D’SOUZA, CBC NEWS, NEW YORK.>>Rosemary: JUST TO THE WEST IN AUSTRALIA, A DIFFERENT KIND OF DANGER. DOZENS OF WILDFIRES HAVE BLANKETED SYDNEY IN A TOXIC HAZE SO THICK THAT IT’S TRIGGERING FIRE ALARMS. YESTERDAY NEW SOUTH WALES FIRE AND RESCUE SAID THEY RESPONDED TO MORE THAN 500 FIRE ALARMS SET OFF WHEN SMOKE SEEPED INTO BUILDINGS, WHICH YOU CAN BARELY SEE THERE. THEIR ADVICE TO PEOPLE — IF YOU CALL WITH AN ACTUAL FIRE, MAKE SURE THAT YOU SAY SO. IN PLACES THE HAZE WAS UP TO 11 TIMES THE LEVEL CONSIDERED HAZARDOUS. OUTSIDE THE CITY, MEANWHILE, WHERE THE FIRES ARE BURNING, CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO EASE.>>>JUST AS CANADIANS MICHAEL KOVRIG AND MICHAEL SPAVOR MARKED A FULL YEAR DETAINED IN CHINA, THEIR CASES TOOK A NEW TURN AND APPARENTLY FOR THE WORSE. THEY ARE BEING HANDED OVER TO PROSECUTORS. CATHERINE CULLEN EXPLAINS WHERE THAT LEAVES THEM AND OTTAWA.>>I THOUGHT THAT THIS VIDEO WAS IMPORTANT TO JUST GET BACK TO THE BASIC TRUTH OF THE CASE.>>Reporter: MICHAEL KOVRIG’S COLLEAGUES MADE THIS VIDEO TO KEEP UP THE PRESSURE FOR HIS RELEASE. AFTER A YEAR IN A CHINESE DETENTION FACILITY WITHOUT SEEING HIS FAMILY OR A LAWYER.>>HE’S SURVIVING AND HE’S SURVIVING THE BEST HE CAN.>>Reporter: TODAY A NEXT STEP. THE CHINESE FOREIGN MINISTRY SAYS THAT KOVRIG AND MICHAEL SPAVOR’S CASES HAVE BEEN REFERRED TO PROSECUTORS. MEANING THAT THE MEN COULD BE GOING TO TRIAL.>>REALLY HE’S JUST BEEN A PAWN IN THESE GEOPOLITICAL GAMES AND THERE’S NO REAL EVIDENCE THAT HE DID ANYTHING WRONG.>>Reporter: MANY OBSERVERS BELIEVE THAT THIS IS ALL PAYBACK FOR CANADA ARRESTING HUAWEI EXECUTIVE MENG WANZHOU.>>IT’S OUR TOP PRIORITY…>>Reporter: THE GOVERNMENT SAYS THAT IT’S SEIZED WITH TRYING TO GET THE CANADIANS RELEASED.>>WE HAVE HAD THE PRIME MINISTER AND NOW TWO MINISTERS OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS WHO HAVE MADE IT A TOP PRIORITY.>>Reporter: AFTER A YEAR THERE HAVE BEEN NO OBVIOUS SIGNS OF PROGRESS. SOME ARE URGING CANADA TO GET TOUGHER WITH CHINA, INCLUDING FREEZING THE ASSETS OF SOME CHINESE OFFICIALS.>>(Speaker of the House): THE LEADER OF THE OPPOSITION.>>Reporter: TODAY THE CONSERVATIVES SUGGESTED ANOTHER OMGDZ, A SPECIAL CANADA-CHINA COMMITTEE TO EXAMINE THIS AND OTHER THORNY ISSUES IN THE RELATIONSHIP.>>RIGHT NOW CANADA NEEDS TO STAND UP FOR OUR INTERESTS, FOR OUR VALUES, FOR OUR CITIZENS.>>Reporter: NOW THERE IS ALSO PARTISANSHIP HERE. O’TOOLE WANTS THE COMMITTEE TO BE ABLE TO GRILL THE PRIME MINISTER. AND THE LIBERALS DON’T LIKE IT. BUT THIS IS A MINORITY PARLIAMENT AND THE COMMITTEE IS GOING AHEAD. THE POLITICS PLAYING OUT ALL WHILE MICHAEL KOVRIG AND MICHAEL SPAVOR CONTINUE TO LIVE IN UNCERTAINTY. CATHERINE CULLEN, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Rosemary: SO AS CATHERINE NOTED THERE, IT’S WIDELY BELIEVED THAT KOVRIG AND SPAVOR’S DETENTION IS LINKED TO CANADA’S ARREST OF MENG WANZHOU. BUT WHILE THE OUTLOOK FOR THE TWO CANADIANS LOOKS AS GRIM AS EVER, MENG’S DEFENCE TEAM SCORED A SIGNIFICANT VICTORY. SHE HAS WON THE RIGHT TO ACCESS MORE DOCUMENTS REGARDING HER ARREST. MENG’S DEFENCE SUGGESTS THAT THEY’LL REVEAL THAT POLICE ACTUALLY CONSPIRED WITH THE F.B.I. TO VIOLATE HER RIGHTS. THE JUDGE WAS CLEAR THAT REMAINS TO BE SEEN, BUT THE CLAIMS ARE SERIOUS ENOUGH TO BE EXAMINED. HER EXTRADITION HEARING THOUGH BEGINS NEXT MONTH.>>>JUSTIN TRUDEAU IN NEED OF ALLIES IN CANADA’S WEST APPEARS TO BE IN LISTENING MODE. AND TODAY THE ALBERTA PREMIER, HE SURE HAD A LOT TO SAY. DAVID COCHRANE HAS SOME OF THE REALITY BEHIND TODAY’S FACE-TO-FACE PHOTO-OP.>>Reporter: THEY ARE POLITICAL RIVALS, POLITICAL OPPONENTS, TRYING HARD TO WORK TOGETHER.>>Prime Minister Justin Trudeau: VERY REALLY CHALLENGES FACING ALBERTA THROUGH NO FAULT OF THEIR OWN.>>AND IT’S WHAT I CALL TEAM ALBERTA. EIGHT MINISTERS AND 11 DEPUTY MINISTERS. HERE ON PARLIAMENT HILL…>>Reporter: KENNEY BROUGHT A BIG TEAM AND A BIG LIST OF DEMANDS. SOME THAT THE PRIME MINISTER WON’T MEET, SOME THAT HE JUST MIGHT.>>THE PRIME MINISTER WAS WILLING TO LISTEN TO OUR CASE AND INDICATED AN OPENNESS ON A NUMBER OF ISSUES.>>Reporter: THAT OPENNESS HAS SOME LIMITS. KENNEY WANTS TRUDEAU TO SCRAP LIBERAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS THAT HE SAYS THAT ARE CRIPPLING THE OILPATCH. THAT WON’T HAPPEN, BUT THEY COULD BE TWEAKED TO MAKE LIFE EASIER FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR.>>HE’S INDICATED AN OPENNESS, AND WE APPRECIATE THAT.>>THE PRIME MINISTER REITERATED THE GOVERNMENT’S OPENNESS TO TALK ABOUT IMPLEMENTATION.>>Reporter: TRUDEAU’S WESTERN ADVISOR SAYS THAT THERE WAS COMMON GROUND ON THOSE ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND ON FINISHING THE T.M.X. PIPELINE EXPANSION.>>IT WAS RESPECTFUL AND IT WAS INTELLIGENT. AND THERE WAS AN EXCHANGE AMONG LEADERS OF SUCH AN IMPORTANT PROVINCE AND THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA.>>Reporter: SO THE WORDS WERE NICE, WITH BOTH SIDES TURNING DOWN THE TEMPERATURE, BUT ONE SIDE KEEPING UP THE PRESSURE. AS KENNEY MADE IT CLEAR THAT HE’S LOOKING FOR ACTION.>>THE NEXT FEW WEEKS WILL BE CRITICAL IN DETERMINING THE SERIOUSNESS OF THIS FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO RESPOND TO THE DEEP AND LEGITIMATE CONCERNS THAT ARE IN CANADA.>>Reporter: THE NEXT TEST IS WHEN THE FINANCE MINISTERS MEET HERE NEXT WEEK. ON THE AGENDA IS ALBERTA’S REQUEST FOR OTTAWA TO FIND A WAY TO SUPPORT OIL-PRODUCING PROVINCES FINANCIALLY. THAT REQUEST HAS THE BACKING OF ALL OF THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS, THEY JUST NEED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TO SAY YES. DAVID COCHRANE, CBC NEWS, OTTAWA.>>Rosemary: TURNING NOW TO THE NHL AND ANOTHER TOP COACH GONE OVER MISCONDUCT ALLEGATIONS, THE SECOND NOW IN JUST TWO WEEKS. JIM MONTGOMERY OF THE DALLAS STARS WAS ABRUPTLY FIRED TODAY. WE DON’T KNOW EXACTLY WHY YET, BUT AS JAMIE STRASHIN EXPLAINS, THIS COMES JUST AFTER THE LEAGUE PROMISED TO BRING THE HAMMER DOWN OVER MISCONDUCT.>>Reporter: JUST A YEAR AND A HALF AFTER HE WAS HIRED JIM MONTGOMERY IS OUT. THE DALLAS STARS GENERAL MANAGER JIM NILL WOULDN’T SAY EXACTLY WHY.>>I’M NOT GOING TO DISCUSS IT, UNFORTUNATELY, I CANNOT.>>Reporter: ALL NILL WOULD SAY IS THAT MONTGOMERY WAS FIRED FOR AN UNPROFESSIONAL ACT DISCLOSED TO THE TEAM ON THE WEEKEND.>>THAT’S WHERE THE NHL WILL HAVE A HARD TIME…>>Reporter: THIS EMPLOYMENT LAWYER DANIEL LUBLIN SAYS THAT THE TEAM LIKELY HAD NO CHOICE.>>IT WAS LIKELY SOMETHING THAT HAPPENED IN HIS PERSONAL LIFE WHICH, AND IF UNCOVERED, WOULD REFLECT POORLY ON HIM AND THE TEAM.>>Reporter: NILL SAYS THIS IT’S NOT RELATED TO ANY CURRENT OR FORMER PLAYER OR TEAM EMPLOYEE. AND SAYS THAT NO CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION IS UNDERWAY. IT’S BEEN A STUNNING MONTH THAT ALL STARTED WHEN THE TORONTO MAPLE LEAFS FIRED HEAD COACH MIKE BABCOCK. STORIES EMERGED FROM FORMER AND CURRENT PLAYERS ALLEGING STORIES EMERGED FROM FORMER AND CURRENT PLAYERS ALLEGING BABCOCK’S MENTAL ABUSE AND TACTICS. THEN FORMER NHLer AKIM ALIU SAID THAT CALGARY FLAMES’ HEAD COACH BILL PETERS MADE RACIST COMMENTS TO HIM. PETERS RESIGNED A FEW DAYS LATER.>>THERE ARE LINES THAT CANNOT BE CROSSED. CLEARLY PHYSICAL ABUSE AND RACIAL AND HOMOPHOBIC LANGUAGE CROSS THE LINE.>>Reporter: THE NHL PROMISED YESTERDAY TO DEVELOP MANDATORY DIVERSITY TRAINING FOR ALL COACHES AND GENERAL MANAGERS AND PLANS OF A POSSIBLE HOTLINE. STILL HE ACKNOWLEDGED A GREY AREA.>>IF SOMETHING BECAME HARASSMENT, THAT WOULD GET MY ATTENTION MORE THAN, YOU KNOW, A SINGLE YELLING INCIDENT.>>Reporter: LUBLIN SAYS THAT THE NHL SHOULD HAVE BEEN DEALING WITH THESE ISSUES YEARS AGO.>>PLAYERS SIGN CONTRACTS AND THERE’S A UNION AND THEY ARE PAID WAGES FOR THE WORK THEY PERFORM, AND HIGHLY PAID ALBEIT, BUT NONETHELESS IT’S A WORKPLACE. AND LIKE ANY OTHER WORKPLACE IN CANADA AND IN THE UNITED STATES, THERE HAVE TO BE RULES AROUND THE TREATMENT OF THE EMPLOYEES.>>Reporter: LUBLIN SAYS THAT THE WORLD IS CHANGING QUICKLY AND THE NHL CAN’T AFFORD TO STAND STILL. JAMIE STRASHIN, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Rosemary: MORE NEWS AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL,” INCLUDING HOW NEW PASSENGER RIGHTS LAWS COULD AFFECT YOUR NEXT FLIGHT. YOU’LL WANT TO HEAR THAT.>>>UP NEXT, HOW IS BORIS JOHNSON DOING JUST DAYS BEFORE THE U.K. ELECTION? A CLOSER LOOK AT HIS CAMPAIGN AND SOME THOUGHTS FROM HIS DAD, WHY NOT.>>>AND THE BIGGEST METH BUST IN MANITOBA’S HISTORY. WE ARE BACK IN TWO. (*)>>Rosemary: THE U.K. ELECTION IS TWO DAYS AWAY AND ACCORDING TO THE LATEST POLLS, BORIS JOHNSON’S CONSERVATIVES ARE ON TRACK FOR A MAJORITY. THE POLLSTERS HAVE THE TORIES AT 43%, WITH THE LABOUR PARTY TRAILING AT 32%. THE COUNTRY, OF COURSE, IS MIRED IN THE THREE-YEAR DEBATE OVER BREXIT. AND IF THOSE NUMBERS PAN OUT, JOHNSON WOULD HAVE THE MAJORITY THAT HE NEEDS TO FINALLY PUSH THAT DEAL THROUGH. IN FACT, AS RENÉE FILIPPONE REPORTS, GET BREXIT DONE SEEMS TO BE JOHNSON’S SINGULAR CAMPAIGN FOCUS, BUT WILL IT BE ENOUGH TO SWAY THE WEARY BRITISH VOTERS?>>Reporter: PUSHING THROUGH ON THE FINAL DAYS, STICKING TO MESSAGE. CLEAR AND SIMPLE, IT’S BEEN BORIS JOHNSON’S STRATEGY.>>GET BREXIT DONE. WE’VE JUST GOT TO GET BREXIT DONE.>>Reporter: AND HIS LOYAL SOLDIERS ARE PUSHING IT IN MARGINAL RIDINGS THAT THE PARTY SAYS THAT IT NEEDS TO WIN.>>SO WHAT ARE WE GOING TO GET DONE?>>BREXIT.>>Reporter: AND HE IS SELLING JOHNSON AS THE ONLY MAN WHO CAN END THE STALEMATE.>>THEY LIKE THE FACT THAT HE JUST TALKS STRAIGHT AND HE’S BEEN REALLY CLEAR ABOUT WHAT WE’LL DELIVER.>>Reporter: JOHNSON HAS MADE THIS PROMISE BEFORE.>>THAT YOU WILL NOT GO BACK TO BRUSSELS AND ASK FOR ANOTHER DELAY TO BREXIT?>>YES. I’D RATHER BE DEAD IN A DITCH.>>Reporter: BREXIT DIDN’T HAPPEN. INSTEAD HE FORCED AN ELECTION. THROUGHOUT HIS TRUSTWORTHINESS HAS BEEN QUESTIONED.>>DOES THE TRUTH MATTER IN THIS ELECTION?>>I THINK THAT IT DOES. AND I THINK THAT IT VERY IMPORTANT.>>Reporter: PUBLICLY MOCKED BY HIS CRITICS.>>AND TAKE MY PHONE AND PUT IT IN YOUR POCKET.>>Reporter: HE FACED NEW BACKLASH THIS WEEK WHEN A REPORTER TRIED TO SHOW HIM A PICTURE OF A CHILD FORCED TO LIE ON THE FLOOR OF AN OVERCROWDED HOSPITAL.>>WHAT YOU SEE IS A CLIP…>>Reporter: HIS DAD DEFENDS HIS SON WHO HE CAMPAIGNED FOR.>>HE HAS A TOUGH JOB. DON’T LET ANYONE TELL YOU GO THAT IS A WALK OVER. THIS IS NOT A WALK OVER.>>BEHIND ME YOU CAN SEE THAT BORIS JOHNSON IS JUST THERE –>>Reporter: IT’S BEEN MORE THAN 30 YEARS BUT NEIL SHERLOCK RECALLS CLEARLY BEATING JOHNSON IN AN ELECTION FOR OXFORD UNION PRESIDENT. HE SAYS THE MAN HASN’T CHANGED.>>HE STILL FOCUSES ON REALLY BEING A PERFORMER. HE’S INTO SORT OF RHETORIC JOKES TO DEFLECT AND PAUSES WHERE HE PLAYS WITH HIS HEAD. IN THE AGE WE’RE IN, IT CLEARLY DOES HAVE AN APPEAL.>>HI.>>WHO IS IT?>>IT’S…>>Reporter: LEANING INTO THAT POPULOUS LABEL HE’S BEEN BRANDED WITH IN THE FINAL DAYS OF THE CAMPAIGN, JOHNSON BORROWS FROM A CHRISTMAS CLASSIC, REBRANDING IT “BREXIT:ACTUALLY.”>>ENOUGH, LET’S GET THIS DONE.>>Reporter: RENÉE FILIPPONE, CBC NEWS, LONDON.>>Rosemary: A GOOD AD. WE’RE WATCHING SEVERAL OTHER STORIES IN THIS COUNTRY, INCLUDING A CLEANUP UNDERWAY IN THE MARITIMES AFTER AN OVERNIGHT STORM FORCED DOZENS OF PEOPLE FROM THEIR HOME.>>Reporter: WHAT WOKE YOU UP LAST NIGHT?>>A WHOMP.>>JUST A BANG. IT FELT LIKE AN EARTHQUAKE. OUR BED ACTUALLY SHOOK.>>Rosemary: IN SAINT JOHN, NEARLY 50 PEOPLE WERE EVACUATED AFTER TWO APARTMENT BUILDINGS WERE BADLY DAMAGED BY RENTLESS WIND. AND OTHER PARTS OF NEW BRUNSWICK SAW FLOOD DAMAGE CAUSED BY HEAVY RAINS. MEANWHILE POWERFUL WIND GUSTS FORCED EVACUATIONS IN NOVA SCOTIA. SOME 60 PEOPLE WERE ORDERED OUT OF THIS APARTMENT BUILDING AFTER STORMY WEATHER BLEW OFF MOST OF THE ROOF. AT THE STORM’S PEAK, MORE THAN 60,000 CUSTOMERS WERE WITHOUT POWER.>>THE RESULT OF THIS YEAR-LONG PROJECT IS THE LARGEST SEIZURE OF METHAMPHETAMINE IN THE HISTORY OF MANITOBA.>>Rosemary: RCMP HAVE ARRESTED 11 PEOPLE AND SEIZED OVER 65-KILOGRAMS OF METH AND COCAINE. ALL PART OF WHAT THE OFFICERS CALL AN HISTORIC ORGANIZED CRIME INVESTIGATION IN WESTERN CANADA. A TOTAL OF NINE RAIDS WERE EXECUTED, INVOLVING DOZENS OF OFFICERS. IT WAS IN WINNIPEG, ST-LAURENT AND BE CALGARY. OFFICIALS SAY THAT DRUGS SEIZED IN THIS BUST ALONE HAD A STREET VALUE OF $6.5 MILLION.>>THE UNION HAS DUG IN THEIR HEELS FROM DAY ONE WITH NO CHANGE AT ALL.>>THIS MINISTER IS INTENT ON INFLATING THE NUMBER, RATCHETING UP THE RHETORIC, WHICH IS THE OPPOSITE OF GOOD-FAITH BARGAINING.>>Rosemary: AS YOU CAN SEE THERE THE BACK AND FORTH CONTINUES BETWEEN THE ONTARIO GOVERNMENT AND THE UNION REPRESENTING PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACH EVERIES. THIS AS STUDENTS IN THE PROVINCE PREPARE FOR ANOTHER ONE-DAY STRIKE TOMORROW ACROSS 11 SCHOOL BOARDS, INCLUDING THE TORONTO DISTRICT, DAN’S LARGEST SCHOOL BOARD.>>>WHEN WE COME BACK, FLIGHTS DELAYED OR CANCELLED? WELL, SOON YOU’LL BE ABLE TO ASK FOR COMPENSATION, BUT THERE’S A CATCH. THERE ALWAYS IS. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU FLY JUST AHEAD. (*)>>Rosemary: THE BUSY HOLIDAY SEASON IS ALMOST HERE AND IT WILL BE THE FIRST ONE WHERE CANADIAN TRAVELLERS WILL BE ARMED WITH NEW PASSENGER RIGHTS. THE FIRST PHASE CAME INTO EFFECT THIS SUMMER AND COVERS LOST LUGGAGE AND BEING BUMPED OFF FLIGHTS. THE SECOND PHASE THOUGH TAKES EFFECT THIS SUNDAY AND IT COVERS DELAYS AND CANCELLATIONS. BUT AS JACQUELINE HANSEN TELLS US, THERE’S ALREADY CONCERN THAT AIRLINES WILL FIND LOOPHOLES.>>Reporter: THE COUNTDOWN IS ON TO THE NEXT WAVE OF AIRLINE PASSENGER RIGHTS. ESPECIALLY AT CANADA’S BUSIEST AIRPORTS.>>WELL, IT’S GREAT. THE IDEA OF GETTING COMPENSATED HUNDREDS OF DOLLARS FOR MY DELAY, MY TIME IS WORTH THAT, SO I LIKE IT.>>Reporter: UNDER THE NEW RULES, IF PASSENGERS ARE DELAYED FOR MORE THAN THREE HOURS, MAJOR AIRLINES SUCH AS AIR CANADA AND WESTJET WILL BE ON THE HOOK FOR BETWEEN $400 AND $1,000, BUT THERE ARE EXCEPTIONS. THE AIRLINES WON’T HAVE TO PAY IF A DELAY OR CANCELLATION IS DUE TO WEATHER. OR IF AN AIRCRAFT HAS UNPLANNED MECHANICAL MAINTENANCE. WHILE MOST TRAVELLERS NO DOUBT PREFER SAFETY OVER SPEED, SOME ARE CONCERNED THAT THE AIRLINES WON’T ADMIT WHEN A DISRUPTION IS THEIR FAULT.>>WELL, I THINK THAT WE’RE GOING TO SEE A LOT MORE MECHANICAL PROBLEMS VERSUS WHAT WE SAW BEFORE.>>Reporter: AND CRITICS SAY THAT THE CANADIAN RULES FALL SHORT OF THOSE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION WHERE MOST DELAYS DUE TO MECHANICAL ISSUES ARE COVERED.>>WE THINK THAT IS A LOOPHOLE THAT THE CARRIERS MAY TAKE ADVANTAGE OF.>>Reporter: THE CANADIAN AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION HELPED TO CONSULT ON THE NEW RULES ON BEHALF OF TRAVELLERS.>>WE GIVE A PACKAGE THAT HAS COME OUT ABOUT A SEVEN OUT OF 10. WE THINK THAT IT’S GOT A LOT OF GOOD STUFF IN IT, BUT IT’S FAR FROM PERFECT.>>Reporter: BUT THE NATIONAL AIRLINES COUNCIL OF CANADA WARNS AIRLINES COUNCIL OF CANADA WARNS THAT THE NEW RULES WILL INCREASE COSTS FOR AIRLINES AND IN TURN WILL PUSH FARES HIGHER FOR CONSUMERS. SMALLER CARRIERS SUCH AS SUNWING AND PORTER AND FLARE WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR SMALLER PAYOUTS, BETWEEN $125 AND $500.>>COMPENSATION SHOULD NEVER EXCEED THE PRICE OF A TICKET FOR ONE THING.>>Reporter: THE GROUP THAT REPRESENTS THEM SAYS THAT IS STILL TOO MUCH.>>IT HAS TO BE A COMPENSATION AND NOT A WINFALL FOR THE PASSENGERS, BECAUSE YOU’RE FRAGILIZING THE AIRLINES IF YOU’RE JUST BEING RIDICULOUS IN TERMS OF THE LEVELS OF COMPENSATION BEING PAID OUT.>>Reporter: BUT CRITICS SAY THAT IT’S A COST OF DOING BUSINESS.>>THE CARRIERS HAVE ALWAYS SAID THEY’VE HAD THEIR OWN INTERNAL POLICIES AND THEY DO COMPENSATE PEOPLE UNDER SOME CIRCUMSTANCES. IF THAT IS TRUE, THEY SHOULDN’T REALLY BE PAYING OUT MUCH MORE NOW THAN THEY WERE BEFORE.>>Reporter: IF THE AIRLINES BREAK THE NEW RULES, THE FINES WILL BE MUCH HIGHER THAN ANY PASSENGER PAYOUT. $25,000 PER VIOLATION. AND THE CANADIAN TRANSPORTATION AGENCY SAYS THAT IT WILL BE TRACKING FLIGHTS TO MAKE SURE THAT THE TRAVELLERS WHO FILE FOR COMPENSATION AND DESERVE IT GET PAID. JACQUELINE HANSEN, CBC NEWS, TORONTO.>>Rosemary: ALSO AS OF SUNDAY, AIRLINES WILL BE REQUIRED TO SEAT CHILDREN NEAR THEIR PARENT OR GUARDIAN. IF THE CHILD IS UNDER 5 YEARS OLD THEY’LL HAVE TO BE IN AN ADJACENT SEAT. BETWEEN 5 AND 11, IN THE SAME ROW, NO MORE THAN A SEAT APART. AND IF THEY’RE 12 OR 13 THEY HAVE TO BE WITHIN TWO ROWS THEIR PARENT OR GUARDIAN. UNTIL NOW THE AIRLINES HAD THEIR OWN POLICIES BUT THEY WERE UNDER NO OBLIGATION TO FOLLOW THEM, PROMPTING SOME FAMILIES TO PAY EXTRA TO MAKE SURE THAT THEY WERE SEATED WITH THEIR CHILDREN.>>>STILL AHEAD ON “THE NATIONAL”… OUR SERIES ON ELECTRIC VEHICLES CONTINUES. ARE THEY REALLY BETTER FOR THE ENVIRONMENT? DAVID COMMON FINDS OUT. (*) [Cheers and Applause]>>Rosemary: PLUS, CHECK THAT OUT, THE WORLD’S FIRST ALL-ELECTRIC SEAPLANE TAKES FLIGHT. THAT’S NEXT. (*) * * Row, row, row your boat
gently down the stream * Merrily, merrily, merrily,
life is but a dream * >>Rosemary: WELCOME BACK. A CHILEAN AIR FORCE PLANE IS BELIEVED TO HAVE CRASHED NEAR ANTARCTICA. THE ARE THE HERCULES C-130 HAD 31 PASSENGERS AND 17 CREW WHEN IT TOOK OFF FROM THE SOUTHERN PART OF CHILE. THOSE ON BOARD WERE ASSISTING WITH MAINTENANCE AT THE BASE, BUT CONTROLLERS LOST CONTACT WITH THE PLANE ABOUT AN HOUR INTO THE FLIGHT. THE AIR FORCE SAYS THAT THERE’S LITTLE CHANCE OF FINDING SURVIVORS.>>>A MEMORIAL IS GROWING OUTSIDE OF A CZECH HOSPITAL AFTER A GUNMAN KILLED SIX PEOPLE BEFORE FATALLY SHOOTING HIMSELF. THE ATTACK HAPPENED IN THE HOSPITAL’S WAITING ROOM. THE GUNMAN OPENED FIRE WITHOUT WARNING, HITTING NINE PATIENTS. FOUR MEN AND TWO WOMEN WERE KILLED AND THREE OTHER PEOPLE WERE WOUNDED. IT’S STILL UNCLEAR WHAT MOTIVATED THE SHOOTING. REPORTS THOUGH SUGGEST THAT THE MAN WAS A PATIENT AT THE HOSPITAL.>>>AND IN PENNSYLVANIA TODAY, BILL COSBY LOST HIS BID TO OVERTURN HIS SEXUAL ASSAULT CONVICTION. COSBY’S LAWYERS ARGUED THAT THE JUDGE IMPROPERLY ALLOWED FIVE WOMEN TO TESTIFY IN LAST YEAR’S RETRIAL, EVEN THOUGH ONLY ONE TESTIFIED AT THE FIRST TRIAL. BUT TODAY THE COURT RULED THAT THE TESTIMONY IS ALLOWED BECAUSE IT ESTABLISHES A PATTERN OF DRUGGING AND ASSAULTING WOMEN. THE 82-YEAR-OLD ACTOR AND COMEDIAN IS SERVING UP TO 10 YEARS IN PRISON FOR A 2004 ENCOUNTER. A SPOKESPERSON SAYS THEY’LL TRY AGAIN IN STATE SUPREME COURT.>>>THIS WEEK ON “THE NATIONAL” WE ARE TAKING A CLOSER LOOK AT ELECTRIC VEHICLES. CAN THEY GO THE DISTANCE ON A ROAD TRIP? CAN THE SUPPLY KEEP UP WITH THE DEMAND? AND TONIGHT WE’RE LOOKING AT WHAT ELECTRIC VEHICLES CAN AND CAN’T DO TO MITIGATE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE. NOW ELECTRIC VEHICLES OBVIOUSLY HAVE UPSIDES — THEY PRODUCE NO EXHAUST AND THEY’RE CHEAPER TO KEEP ON THE ROAD AND THEY’RE LARGELY RECYCLABLE. BUT THEY’RE NOT INFALLIBLE. DESIGNED TO SOLVE ONE ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM, THEY NOW ACTUALLY PRESENT ANOTHER ONE. IN PLACE OF A STANDARD COMBUSTION ENGINE, E.V.s RUN ON BATTERIES WHICH SUGGEST A CLEANER AND MORE EFFICIENT POWER SOURCE WITH LESS WASTE, BUT THE TRUTH IS IT’S NOT QUITE THAT SIMPLE. BATTERY PRODUCTION COMES WITH ITS OWN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS. BUT AS THE INDUSTRY GROWS, THERE’S ALREADY AN EFFORT TO GET AHEAD OF THE CURVE. OUR DAVID COMMON LOOKS INTO THIS ONE TOO. (*)>>Reporter: GET INTO THE GUTS OF A CAR AND YOU’LL FIND ALL OF THOSE POLLUTING PARTS — GAS TANKS AND EXHAUST SYSTEMS. BUT HERE IN A GRAVEYARD OF CARS, MARITIME AUTO PARTS’ ANDREW MacDONALD IS EXTRACTING SOMETHING NEW. SO THIS IS WHERE YOU KEEP THE BATTERIES?>>YEAH, WE STORE THEM HERE BEFORE WE SHIP THEM OUT.>>Reporter: THIS IS THEM. NOT JUST ANY BATTERIES BUT THE POWER SOURCE FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES, THE MOST SIGNIFICANT SHIFT TO CARS SINCE, WELL, CARS FIRST EXISTED. (*) BACK WHEN THE INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WAS FIRST USED ON WHEELS, NO ONE GAVE MUCH THOUGHT TO ITS CARBON FOOTPRINT. KIND OF HOW WE GOT TO THE POINT THAT WE’RE AT TODAY. NEARLY A QUARTER OF CARBON EMISSIONS COME FROM THE TRANSPORTATION SECTOR. FOR MANUFACTURERS UNDER PRESSURE NOW FROM CONSUMERS AND GOVERNMENTS, ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE SEEN AS THE NEW DIRECTION. BATTERIES NOT JUST AT THE CENTRE OF THE CARS, BUT CENTRAL TO THEIR GREEN SUCCESS. SO ARE THEY GREENER? HOW MUCH SO? (*) BACK IN THE SALVAGE YARD WE SET UP OUR OWN LITTLE STUDIO TO GET TO THE TRUTH ABOUT E.V.’S FOOTPRINTS. HI, JENNIFER DUNN.>>HI.>>Reporter: SO YOU WORK AT THE CENTRE FOR ENGINEERING AND SUSTAINABILITY AND RESILIENCE. AND YOU’RE THE PERSON TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION. WHAT ARE THE THINGS ABOUT AN ELECTRICAL VEHICLE DO YOU TAKE INTO ACCOUNT ABOUT ITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT?>>ONE REALLY IMPORTANT ASPECT OF AN E.V. TO THINK ABOUT IS THE BATTERY. THERE ARE A LOT OF MOVING PARTS THERE TO REALLY DIG INTO, TO UNDERSTAND THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS.>>Reporter: SO WHAT ARE THE KINDS OF THINGS THAT YOU CONSIDER?>>THE MATERIAL THAT HELPS TO POWER THE BATTERY IS PRODUCED FROM A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT METALS. SO THINGS LIKE NICKEL AND COBALT AND LITHIUM. AND EACH OF THOSE METALS HAS A DIFFERENT SUPPLY CHAIN.>>Reporter: LITHIUM IS THE COMPONENT OF CHOICE FOR TODAY’S BATTERIES, CAPABLE OF PACKING MORE THAN 10 TIMES THE POWER OF A DAILY HOUSEHOLD’S ELECTRIC NEEDS INTO A CAR. THAT’S LED TO BIG LITHIUM DEMAND, EXPECTED TO AT LEAST TRIPLE BY 2025. ALREADY MINING IS EATING UP FRESH WATER SUPPLY IN SOUTH AMERICA’S LITHIUM-RICH REGIONS. IT REQUIRES HARSH CHEMICALS IN EXTRACTION IN NORTH AMERICA. AND THEN THERE’S COPPER, NICKEL AND COBALT, ALL WITH DARK SIDES OF THEIR OWN. SO WHAT’S THE SOLUTION?>>THERE ARE MANY EFFORTS TO TRY AND TO THINK ABOUT THE RESPONSIBLE SUPPLY CHAINS BUT THERE’S MORE THAT WE STILL NEED TO DO UNDERSTAND THIS. AND WE’RE AT THE OPPORTUNITY STAGE NOW WHERE WE’RE STARTING STILL TO RAMP UP OUR USE OF E.V.s AND WE HAVE A CHANCE TO REALLY UNDERSTAND THE SUPPLY CHAIN AND UNDERSTAND THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS AND TO DO OUR BEST TO MAKE IT AS MINIMAL AS POSSIBLE.>>Reporter: SO WE ARE AT A STAGE WHERE ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE BETTER FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, BUT THEY’RE NOT SOME UTOPIA?>>THERE’S VERY FEW THINGS THAT ARE UTOPIAN. SO IT’S ONE THING THAT I DO IS TO TRY TO UNDERSTAND THE SUPPLY CHAIN AND TO UNDERSTAND WHERE WE CAN IMPROVE THINGS.>>Reporter: I GUESS THAT WHERE YOU GET YOUR ELECTRICITY TO CHARGE YOUR BATTERY REALLY MATTERS TOO?>>THAT DOES MATTER, YOU’RE RIGHT. IN FACT, IT’S ONE THING TO USE COAL-FIRED ELECTRICITY TO CHARGE YOUR E.V. AND THEN THE ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS, THE G.H.G. BENEFITS AREN’T AS CLEAR.>>Reporter: COOL IS ONE OF THE LEAST GREEN WAYS TO GENERATE ELECTRICITY FOR ANYTHING, INCLUDING E.V.s. BUT COAL-GENERATED POWER IS STILL CLEANER THAN BURNING GASOLINE IN A REGULAR CAR. THAT IS ACCORDING TO JENNIFER’S NUMBERS. GENERALLY THOUGH NORTH AMERICAN ELECTRICAL GRIDS, WHICH CHARGE E.V.s, ARE MADE UP OF A MIX OF COAL, BUT PLENTY OF NUCLEAR AND HYDRO. AN E.V. POWERED BY THAT MIX MEANS HALF OF THE EMISSIONS OF A GAS CAR, BUT PURE RENEWABLES LIKE WIND, THAT’S WHERE E.V.s REALLY MAXIMIZE THEIR POTENTIAL, VIRTUALLY NO NEGATIVE IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT. OF COURSE EVEN IF WE GET TO BETTER MINING PRACTICES, MORE RESPONSIBLE SUPPLY CHAINS, AND RENEWABLE ELECTRICAL GRIDS, WE STILL HAVE PILES OF BATTERIES IN ANDREW’S YARD AND MANY OTHERS. WHAT ABOUT THOSE?>>YEAH, SO THE MANUFACTURERS BUILD THESE THINGS AND THEN WE’RE EXPECTED TO FIGURE OUT WHAT THOSE CARS ARE MADE OF. SO ONE SIDE YOU HAVE A LOT OF PLASTIC COMPONENTS AND METAL COMPONENTS. BUT NOW THESE ARE COMPLICATED CHEMISTRIES THAT WE’RE TRYING TO FIGURE OUT. AND SO THERE’S RESEARCH LABS TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHAT TO DO WITH THESE THINGS BUT THERE’S A BIG POTENTIAL FOR WHAT YOU CAN DO WITH THEM.>>Reporter: ONE OF THE TOP LITHIUM BATTERY RESEARCH LABS IN THE WORLD IS ACTUALLY RIGHT HERE IN CANADA. DALHOUSIE PHYSIC’S DEPARTMENT IS LOOKING AT AFTER-LIFE APPLICATIONS FOR BATTERIES AND EXTENDING THE LIFE OF THE BATTERIES THEMSELVES. IN THE WORLD OF LITHIUM ION — JEFF DAHN IS A BIT OF A GOD. THE MAN BEHIND THE GROUNDBREAKING PAPER ON THE MILLION MILE BATTERY. BUT NOT ABOVE TEACHING US THE BASICS. WHAT’S THAT?>>THAT’S A FLAT POUCH-TYPE LITHIUM ION CELL. SO I HAVE HERE SMALL CELLS THAT WE USE IN OUR RESEARCH. AND IF YOU CUT OPEN THIS POUCH AND EXTRACT WHAT WE CALL THE JELLY ROLL, YOU CAN SEE WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE. THIS ALUMINUM FOIL IS THE CURRENT COLLECTOR FOR THE POSITIVE ELECTRODES. WE COME TO THIS BLACK MATERIAL AND THAT’S THE POSITIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL. IN THIS CASE IT’S IN OUR JARGON CALLED N.N.C., FOR THESE CHEMICALS.>>Reporter: DID THINK WHEN YOU UNROLLED IT THAT IT LOOKED LIKE A FRUIT ROLL-UP.>>YEAH, THAT’S WHY WE CALL IT A JELLY ROLL.>>Reporter: SO IN ALL OF THIS THERE’S JUST SAY SMALL VERSION — JUST A SMALL VERSION OF WHAT COULD BE IN A CAR. YOU’RE TRYING TO STUFF A WHOLE LOT MORE POWER INTO THAT?>>YEAH, YEP, THAT’S THE IDEA.>>Reporter: AFTER 30 YEARS IN THE INDUSTRY, HE SEES WHERE WE’VE COME FROM AND ALSO WHERE WE HAVE TO GO. SO WHAT’S THE BIG PICTURE FOR SOLVING HERE?>>WE’RE TRYING TO HELP TO MAKE LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES LAST LONGER. WE’RE TRYING TO HELP TO LOWER THEIR COSTS. AND WE’RE TRYING TO IMPROVE THEIR ENERGY DENSITY SO THEY CAN STORE MORE ENERGY PER UNIT WEIGHT.>>Reporter: WHY DOES THAT MATTER?>>YOU HAVE TO ELIMINATE FOSSIL FUELS, IT’S CLEAR, OKAY?
AN STORE MORE ENERGY PER UNIT WEIGHT.>>Reporter: WHY DOES THAT MATTER?>>YOU HAVE TO ELIMINATE FOSSIL FUELS, IT’S CLEAR, OKAY? IF YOU WANT TO USE RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR YOUR SOURCE OF POWER, WELL, THE SUN AND THE WIND AREN’T THERE ALL THE TIME. SO IT MEANS THAT YOU HAVE TO BE ABLE TO STORE ELECTRICAL ENERGY. AND, MORE IMPORTANTLY, YOU KNOW, HOW THE HECK DO YOU FIGURE OUT IF A BATTERY IS GOING TO LAST 30 YEARS IN EXPERIMENTS THAT ONLY TAKE A FEW WEEKS? THAT’S CHALLENGING. IT’S FUN.>>Reporter: WHAT IS THE FUN PART? PART?>>SOLVING THESE PROBLEMS, YOU KNOW. THAT’S WHAT SCIENTISTS DO, RIGHT, THEY GET INVOLVED IN THEIR WORK AND THEY THINK, MAN, I WANT TO FIGURE THIS OUT. I WANT TO DEVELOP METHODS TO SOLVE THESE PROBLEMS.>>Reporter: SOLVING BIG PROBLEMS — NOT JUST HOW TO GET A CAR TO GO FAST AND RUN FOR A LONG TIME, RUN RELIABLY, BUT ALSO HOW TO ENSURE THE GREENER OPTION GETS EVEN MORE SO. DAVID COMMON, CBC NEWS, MISSISSAUGA, ONTARIO.>>Rosemary: NOW ELECTRIC-POWERED GROUND TRAVEL IS ONE THING. BUT FOR SOME THE REAL MEASURE OF VIABILITY IS IN THE AIR. AND TODAY THERE WAS A MAJOR BREAKTHROUGH. THE WORLD’S FIRST EVER SUCCESSFUL FLIGHT BY A COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT USING ONLY BATTERIES. AND AS SALIMAH SHIVJI EXPLAINS, IT’S A WIN FOR THE INDUSTRY AND FOR CANADA.>>Reporter: THIS MAY LOOK LIKE A NORMAL OLD SEAPLANE BUT IT’S ANYTHING BUT AND IT’S MAKING HISTORY. [Cheers and Applause] THE WORLD’S FIRST TEST OF A FULLY ELECTRIC PLANE THAT DOESN’T EMIT ANY CARBON EMISSIONS. VERY MUCH DEPENDENT ON CLEAR SKIES. THE PILOT ALSO THE HEAD OF THE AIRLINE. HE SUCCESSFULLY RESISTED THE WIND AND THE NERVOUS ANTICIPATION OF THOSE WATCHING DESPITE A CHARGING GLITCH THE NIGHT BEFORE.>>I GOT BEHIND THE CONTROLS OF THE AIRPLANE AND FOCUSED ON GETTING THE FLIGHT DONE, YOU KNOW, AND I SAW PEOPLE OUT OF THE CORNER OF MY EYE BUT IT WASN’T THE FOCUS FOR ME. SO IT WAS ALL SORT OF BUSINESS AS USUAL.>>Reporter: ONLY THIS BUSINESS IS COMPLETELY UNFAMILIAR. HARBOUR AIR IS AIMING TO BECOME THE WORLD’S FIRST ALL-ELECTRIC AIRLINE. A CROWDED RACE TO GREEN THE INDUSTRY WHERE EMISSIONS ARE RISING FASTER THAN ALL OTHER MODES OF TRANSPORT. THESE FEW MINUTES IN THE AIR TOOK MONTHS OF HARD WORK. RIPPING OUT ITS MID 20th CENTURY GUTS AND REPLACES ITS OLD MOTOR WITH AN ELECTRICAL ONE, ADDING A BIG RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES. IT ADDS AS MUCH AS IF IT WERE LOADED FOR FUEL AND THE MOTOR ONLY HAS ENOUGH BATTERY CHARGE FOR A SHORT FLIGHT. THAT IS WHY IT WORKS FOR THE SEAPLANE COMPANY THAT MAKES SHORT HOPS INTO CITIES NEAR VANCOUVER. THE MAN WHOSE COMPANY WHO DESIGNED THE MOTOR KNOWS THAT THERE’S A LONG WAY AHEAD, BUT HE WANTS THE PLANES IN THE AIR IN THE NEXT TWO YEARS.>>THIS IS THE FIRST TIME THAT THIS PROPULSION SYSTEM FLEW ON THIS AIRCRAFT. WHAT THE REGULATORY BODY WOULD WANT TO SEE IS THAT THIS HAPPENS ALL THE TIME CONSISTENTLY. WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THINGS GO WRONG?>>Reporter: THE CERTIFICATION PROCESS WILL BE BUMPY, WITH TRANSPORT CANADA ENTERING BRAND-NEW TERRITORY. THERE WILL BE MANY MORE TEST FLIGHTS BEFORE THE PASSENGERS
RING BRAND-NEW TERRITORY. THERE WILL BE MANY MORE TEST FLIGHTS BEFORE THE PASSENGERS CAN ALSO HOP ABOARD A FULLY ELECTRIC PLANE. SALIMAH SHIVJI, CBC NEWS, RICHMOND, B.C.>>>Rosemary: WHEN WE COME BACK, SOME B.C. SALMON ARE FACING EXTINCTION AND THE CLOCK IS TICKING TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM. WE WILL LOOK AT WHY IN A FEW MINUTES. (*)>>I’M JAYME POISSON AND TOMORROW ON CBC’S DAILY NEWS PODCAST “FRONTBURNER,” THE NEW NAFTA. WHY DID CANADA SIGN IT AGAIN AND HOW DID WE REALLY COME OUT OF IT? SUBSCRIBE WHEREVER YOU GET YOUR PODCASTS.>>Rosemary: SOME SALMON STOCKS IN B.C. MAY BE FACING EXTINCTION. A ROCK SLIDE LAST YEAR BLOCKED A CRITICAL MIGRATION ROUTE AND NOW AS TANYA FLETCHER SHOWS US, THE RACE IS ON TO FIND A SOLUTION BEFORE THE NEXT SPAWNING SEASON.>>SO WE HAVE OVER 30 SPECIES OF FISH THAT RESIDE HERE…>>Reporter: DEAN WORK HAS SPENT DECADES FISHING ON THIS STRETCH OF THE FRASER RIVER.>>THIS IS PROBABLY ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT DELICATE ECOSYSTEM AREAS OF THE ENTIRE 900-MILE FRASER RIVER.>>Reporter: SEVERAL HUNDRED KILOMETRES UPSTREAM A MASSIVE SLAB OF ROCK CRUMBLED OFF THE SIDE OF A CLIFF, BLOCKING THE SALMON MIGRATION PATH AND TRIGGERING AN EMERGENCY RESPONSE. OVER THE SUMMER HELICOPTERS FLEW TENS OF THOUSANDS OF FISH UP AND OVER THE SLIDE IN BUCKETS. CREWS EVENTUALLY CREATED A NATURAL PASSAGEWAY SO THAT THE SALMON COULD SWIM THROUGH ON ITS OWN. BUT FOR SOME THE RESCUE OPERATION WAS TOO STRESSFUL AND TOO LATE IN THE DELICATE SPAWNING CYCLE. DOCUMENTS OBTAINED BY CBC NEWS REVEAL A DIRE OUTLOOK. THE GOVERNMENT SCIENTISTS BELIEVE THAT THERE’S A MEANINGFUL CHANCE OF EXTINCTION FOR THREE SALMON RUNS. OTHERS BELIEVE THAT IT WILL BE WORSE.>>WE’RE GOING TO SEE NOT THREE — WE MAY SEE 10, 15 OR 20 OF THE RUNS POTENTIALLY BEING DRIVEN INTO EXTINCTION.>>I CRIED WHEN I FIRST HEARD THAT NEWS.>>Reporter: MORE THAN 100 FIRST NATIONS ALONG THE FRASER RIVER RELY ON SALMON FOR FOOD. SOME BANDS HAVE MADE ALARMING OBSERVATIONS OF THEIR OWN.>>THEY NOTICED THAT THERE WERE VERY FEW SALMON UP THERE.>>THEY NOTICED THAT THERE WERE VERY FEW SALMON UP THERE. AND SOME TRIBUTARIES WHERE THEY USED TO GO AND SPAWN THERE WERE NONE.>>Reporter: AND FEARS ARE ALREADY MOUNTING FOR NEXT SEASON TOO. THE INTERNAL REPORT WARNS THAT THERE’S A GOOD CHANCE THAT NATURAL PASSAGE WON’T BE FULLY RESTORED IN TIME FOR THE 2020 SALMON RUN. AND OFFICIALS ARE NOW ASKING FOR HELP. IT WASN’T UNTIL LATE NOVEMBER THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT PUT OUT A FORMAL REQUEST FOR INFORMATION. THEY’RE LOOKING FOR IDEAS FROM THE INDUSTRY, THE PRIVATE SECTOR, AND FIRST NATIONS, ON WAYS TO GET THE REMAINING ROCKS OUT OF THE RIVER.>>THEY’VE KNOWN ABOUT IT SOME TIME IN THE MIDDLE OF LATE SPRING/SUMMER FRESHET AND IT TAKES ALL THE WAY TO DECEMBER TO EVEN START PROCURING CONTRACTS? YOU KNOW, THE CANADIAN MILITARY SHOULD BE IN THERE AND THE PUBLIC WORKS FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD BE THERE. THIS IS A CATASTROPHE.>>Reporter: A CATASTROPHE THAT EXPERTS WORRY THAT WILL SPELL THE END FOR SALMON STOCKS ALREADY KNOCKED TO THEIR KNEES BY MOTHER NATURE. TANYA FLETCHER, CBC NEWS, CHILLIWACK, B.C.>>Rosemary: AFTER THE BREAK, WHAT’S GOT THESE NEW BRUNSWICK RESIDENTS LINING UP FOR A LONG TIME IN THE RAIN? TWO WORDS — CHICKEN BONES. WE WILL EXPLAIN IN OUR “MOMENT” RESIDENTS LINING UP FOR A LONG TIME IN TH (*)>>Rosemary: SO THESE PEOPLE GOT UP BRIGHT AND EARLY TO LINE UP AROUND THE BLOCK ON A RAINY MORNING FOR A NEW TAKE ON A CLASSIC HOLIDAY MARITIME TREAT. CHICKEN BONES LIQUEUR MADE FROM A CINNAMON-FLAVOURED HARD CANDY STUFFED WITH CHOCOLATE. CHICKEN BONE CANDY HAS BEEN AROUND FOR GENERATIONS BUT IT WAS ONLY THIS YOU’RE YEAR THAT A NEW BRUNSWICK DISTILLERY TURNED INTO A LIQUEUR. TODAY WAS THE SECOND RUN OF THE STUFF. THERE WAS AN ABSOLUTE MAYBIA FOR IT, AS IT TURNS OUT AND IT’S OUR “MOMENT.”>>I HAVE MY BOTTLE OF CHICKEN BONE LIQUEUR FINALLY. I WAS IN LINE FOR APPROXIMATELY TWO HOURS.>>THIRD IN LINE AT 7:30.>>I PLANNED TO GET HERE ABOUT HALF AN HOUR EARLY AND I DECIDED I BETTER COME EARLIER.>>I DID IT FOR THE CABBAGE PATCH DOLLS IN THE 1980s SO I FIGURED, YEAH, I CAN DO THIS.>>EVERYONE IS FRIENDLY AND CHATTING BACK AND FORTH. SO IT’S GREAT.>>SOLDOUT. HOW LUCKY DO YOU FEEL NOW?>>VERY, VERY. CHICKEN BONES HAS BEEN A BIG THING IN OUR FAMILY FOR GENERATIONS. WE DON’T GO THROUGH CHRISTMAS WITHOUT AT LEAST HAVING CHICKEN BONES IN THE HOUSE. AND THIS WILL BE SOMETHING NICE AND NEW.>>WE FAKED IT IN THE PAST WITH THE FIREBALL AND THE CHOCOLATE, BUT THEY SAY THAT IT’S DIFFERENT THAN THAT. WE’RE GOING TO HAVE IT AT OUR CHRISTMAS DINNER. [laughter]>>Rosemary: NEW BRUNSWICK SEEMS FUN. I DON’T KNOW WHY BEING FROM MANITOBA THAT I ALSO KNOW WHAT CHICKEN BONES ARE AND I CAN VOUCH FOR THEIR DELICIOUSNESS AND I MIGHT HAVE BEEN IN THAT LINE. SO GOOD ON YOU, NEW BRUNSWICK, PERHAPS ACROSS THE COUNTRY.>>>THAT’S “THE NATIONAL” FOR THIS TUESDAY, DECEMBER 10th. GOODNIGHT, EVERYONE. THANK YOU FOR WATCHING.

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